Tag Archives: Thomas Armstrong

13th April – Deaths & Events in Northern Ireland Troubles

Key Events & Deaths on this day in Northern Ireland Troubles

13th April

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Saturday 13 April 1991

Two people were killed in separate incidents.

 

Thursday 13 April 1995

Patrick Mayhew, then Secretary of State for Northern Ireland, invited the political parties to engage in a series of bilateral talks.

Saturday 13 April 1996

John Alderdice, the leader of the Alliance Party of Northern Ireland (APNI), addressed his party conference in Belfast.

Sunday 13 April 1997

Marjorie (Mo) Mowlam, then Labour Party Spokesperson on Northern Ireland, announced that she was recovering from treatment for a brain tumour. [Mowlam made the announcement following press comments about her appearance, particularly her gain in weight.]

Monday 13 April 1998

Representatives of Sinn Féin (SF) said that they needed a “period of consultation” with their membership before they could sign the Good Friday Agreement.

Bill Clinton, then President of the United States of America (USA), said that he would visit Northern Ireland if it would help ensure the success of the Agreement.

Ian Paisley, then leader of the Democratic Unionist Party (DUP), launched a DUP campaign calling for people to reject the Agreement. William Thompson, then Ulster Unionist Party (UUP) MP, announced that he would be supporting the DUP campaign.

Tuesday 13 April 1999

Politcal Talks Resumed

Efforts to break the deadlock over decommissioning resumed at Stormont with a series of meetings, including a round table session involving all the parties supporting the Good Friday Agreement. Prior to the resumption of talks, Marjorie (Mo) Mowlam, then Secretary of State of Northern Ireland, issued a statement.

Mitchel McLaughlin, then Sinn Féin (SF) chairman, also issued a statement claiming that the Hillsborough Declaration (1 April 1999) moved away from the Good Friday Agreement and as such, was formally rejected by SF.

The Declaration was also rejected by the Progressive Unionist Party (PUP).

The Northern Ireland Police Authority (NIPA) strongly defended Ronnie Flanagan, then Chief Constable of the Royal Ulster Constabulary (RUC), against allegations of “indifference” made in the report by the United Nations (UN) Special Rapporteur on 12 April 1999. The total number of prisoners released under the terms of the Good Friday Agreement was reported as being 257. 131 were Republican, 118 Loyalist, and eight had no classification.

Friday 13 April 2001

The “real” Irish Republican Army (rIRA) issued a statement to mark the 85th anniversary of the Easter Rising in Dublin. The statement read: “Partition has failed and those who attempt to uphold it will fail. As for republicans, we will continue to attack the problem at its root and make no apology for undertaking this necessary task.”#

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Remembering all innocent victims of the Troubles

Today is the anniversary of the death of the following people killed as a results of the conflict in Northern Ireland

“To live in hearts we leave behind is not to die

– Thomas Campbell

To the innocent on the list – Your memory will live forever

– To the Paramilitaries –

There are many things worth living for, a few things worth dying for, but nothing worth killing for.

9 People lost their lives on the 13th April   between 1972– 1991

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13 April 1972
Elizabeth McAuley,  (64)

Protestant
Status: Civilian (Civ),

Killed by: Irish Republican Army (IRA)
Killed in van bomb explosion, Main Street, Ballymoney, County Antrim. Inadequate warning given.

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13 April 1974


Kenneth Lennon,   (30)

Catholic
Status: Civilian (Civ),

Killed by: not known (nk)
Originally from Northern Ireland. Found shot Park Road, Chipstead, Surrey, England

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13 April 1974
William McDonald,   (21)

nfNI
Status: Civilian (Civ),

Killed by: British Army (BA)
Scottish visitor. Shot during street disturbances, Crimea Street, Shankill, Belfast.

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13 April 1979
Thomas Armstrong   (63)

Protestant
Status: Ulster Defence Regiment (UDR),

Killed by: Irish Republican Army (IRA)
Off duty. Shot near to his home, Tynan, near Middletown, County Armagh.

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13 April 1980
Mary Doherty  (53)

Catholic
Status: Civilian (Civ),

Killed by: British Army (BA)
Shot while travelling in car approaching British Army (BA) Vehicle Check Point (VCP), Strabane, County Tyrone.

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13 April 1983
Trevor Elliott   (38)

Protestant
Status: British Army Territorial Army (TA),

Killed by: Irish Republican Army (IRA)
Off duty. Shot at his shop, Keady, County Armagh.

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13 April 1984


John George   (26)

Catholic
Status: Civilian (Civ),

Killed by: Irish National Liberation Army (INLA)
Shot at his home, Thornhill Crescent, Twinbrook, Belfast. Alleged criminal.

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13 April 1991
Ian Sproule,  (23)

Protestant
Status: Civilian (Civ),

Killed by: Irish Republican Army (IRA)
Shot outside his parents’ home, Liskleen Road, Killen, Castlederg, County Tyrone

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13 April 1991


Samuel McCrum  (62)

Protestant
Status: Royal Ulster Constabulary (RUC),

Killed by: Irish Republican Army (IRA)
Off duty. Shot at his wife’s shop, Antrim Street, Lisburn, County Antrim.

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3rd March – Deaths & Events in Northern Ireland Troubles

  

Key Events & Deaths on this day in Northern Ireland Troubles

3rd March

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Monday 3 March 1969

The Cameron commission was established to consider the reasons for the unrest in Derry.

Wednesday 3 March 1976

‘Maguire Seven’ Convicted The trial of members of the Maguire family, known as the ‘Maguire Seven’, ended at the Old Bailey in London. They had been arrested on 3 December 1974. All seven defendents were found guilty of possession of explosives

(although none were found).

(Their case was linked to that of the ‘Guildford Four’ who were found guilty at the Old Bailey on 22 October 1975 of causing explosions on 5 October 1974.) Anne Maguire was sentenced to 14 years; Patrick (Paddy) Maguire 14 years; Sean Smyth 14 years; Giuseppe Conlon 14 years; Pat O’Neill 12 years; Vincent Maguire (aged 16) 5 years; and Patrick Jnr. (aged 13) 4 years.

[This was one of a series of high profile cases of miscarriage of justice involving Irish people living in England. On 26th June 1991  the Magure Seven had their convictions quashed by the Court of Appeal in London.  On 9 February 2005 Tony Blair, then British Prime Minister, issued an apology to the Maguire Seven and the Guildford Four.]

A further meeting of the Constitutional Convention again called for the return of the Stormont government. The meeting ended in uproar and was to be the last meeting of the Covention.

[The British Government brought the Convention to an end on 5 March 1976.]

Thursday 3 March 1977

Brian Faulkner died in a riding accident during a hunt.

[Faulkner had been Prime Minister of Northern Ireland in 1971 to 1972 and had been Chief Executive in the power-sharing Executive of 1974.] [ Education. ]

Friday 3 March 1978

A British soldier and a Protestant civilian searcher were both killed in an Irish Republican Army (IRA) gun attack on a British Army pedestrian checkpoint in Donegall Street, Belfast.

Tuesday 3 March 1981

Humphrey Atkins, then Secretary of State for Northern Ireland, made a statement in the House of Commons in which he said that there would be no political status for prisoners regardless of the hunger strike. [ 1981 Hunger Strike.]

Monday 3 March 1986

Unionist ‘Day of Action’

There was a widespread general strike, or ‘Day of Action’, in Northern Ireland in support of Unionist demands for the ending of the Anglo-Irish Agreement (AIA). Most aspects of life across the region were disrupted as factories and shops closed. Public transport including air travel was also affected.

[While many Protestants supported the strike and voluntarily stayed at home there was also a high level of intimidation with masked Loyalists setting up barricades. There were riots in Loyalist areas during the evening and night and shots were fired at the Royal Ulster Constabulary (RUC). Later RUC figures showed that there had been 237 reported cases of intimidation, 57 people arrested, and 47 RUC officers injured. The government and the security forces were later criticised for not keeping the main roads open and for not trying to end the intimidation.]

Friday 3 March 1989

Michael-Stone 2

Michael Stone, the Loyalist gunman responsible for killing three mourners at Milltown Cemetery on 16 March 1988, was sentenced to prison for 30 years.

[Stone was released in 2000 under the terms of the Good Friday Agreement.]

See Michael Stone

Sunday 3 March 1991

The Ulster Volunteer Force (UVF) carried out a gun attack on a public house in Cappagh, County Tyrone, and killed four Catholic men.

[Some time later the Irish Republican Army (IRA) announced that three of its members had been killed in the attack. The fourth person killed was a Catholic civilian. As the men had only decided to go to the pub on the spur of the moment they were unlikely to have been the original target of the attack.]

Wednesday 3 March 1993

Six Ulster Defence Regiment (UDR) soldiers were awarded undisclosed damages against Hugh Annesley, then Chief Constable of the Royal Ulster Constabulary (RUC), as a result of their arrest on 8 October 1989. The men had been arrested on the orders of the Stevens inquiry into allegations of collusion between the security forces and Loyalist paramilitary groups.

Monday 3 March 1997

A bomb was found outside the office of Sinn Féin (SF) in Monaghan, Republic of Ireland. The bomb, which contained two and a half kilos of Powergel (a commercial explosive), was defused by members of the Irish Army.

[There was no claim of responsibility, but the Ulster Volunteer Force (UVF) was believed to be behind the attack. The UVF have used Powergel on a number of occasions. Representatives of the Progressive Unionist Party (PUP) insisted that the Loyalist ceasefire was intact. Later it was believed that this was one of a series of ‘no claim, no blame’ incidents, whereby paramilitary groups which were officially on ceasefire could carry out attacks without their political representatives being removed from the Stormont talks.]

There was a meeting of the British-Irish Parliamentary body held in Dublin. At the meeting Kevin McNamara, a former Labour Party spokesperson on Northern Ireland, said that Roisín McAliskey, then being held in prison awaiting a decision about extradition, had been strip-searched 75 times between 20 November 1996 and 16 February 1997, despite being pregnant. McNamara called for her release on bail.

Tuesday 3 March 1998

Poyntzpass Killings Two lifelong friends Damian Traynor (26), a Catholic civilian, and Philip Allen (34), a Protestant civilian, were shot dead and two other men injured by Loyalist paramilitaries in the Railway Bar in Poyntzpass, County Armagh.

Loyalist paramilitaries entered the pub and ordered the two men to lie on the floor and then shot them dead. The Loyalist Volunteer Force (LVF) was believed to be responsible for the killings which caused shock across Northern Ireland.

[The fact that the killings happened in a mixed community which had experienced little of the conflict had a profound impact on opinion in Northern Ireland.]

The Garda Síochána (the Irish police) discovered a car bomb, estimated at 600 pounds, in County Louth, which was believed to be in preparation for an attack by the Continuity Irish Republican Army (CIRA) in Armagh.

Jacques Santer, then President of the European Commission, announced that there would be an extra £88 million of funding for urban and rural regeneration in Northern Ireland. The announcement was welcomed by most political parties with the exception of the Democratic Unionist Party (DUP) who expressed concern at how the money would be spent.

Wednesday 3 March 1999

Marjorie (Mo) Mowlam, then Secretary of State for Northern Ireland, signalled her willingness to delay the triggering of devolution until the end of March, although she warned against excessive delay in creating an Executive. Her comments came as Séamus Mallon, then Deputy First Minister Designate, called on the Irish Republican Army (IRA) to make a statement indicating that its campaign of violence was over.

He suggested that this would help to break the logjam over the decommissioning of paramilitary weapons.

The Red Hand Defenders (RHD) and the Orange Volunteers (OV), two groups which had claimed responsibility for attacks in recent months including two killings, were banned by the Secretary of State.

[In 2001 it became apparent that RHD was a cover name used by both the Ulster Defence Association (UDA) and the Ulster Volunteer Force (UVF).] Mowlam also announced that she has accepted the INLA’s six-month ceasefire as complete and unequivocal. The Belfast Telegraph (a Belfast based newspaper) published the results of an opinion poll it had commissioned. The poll showed that, of those who responded, 93 per cent of people wanted the Good Friday Agreement to work – this included 70 per cent of Democratic Unionist Party (DUP) supporters [the DUP opposed the Agreement].

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Remembering all innocent victims of the Troubles

Today is the anniversary of the death of the following people killed as a results of the conflict in Northern Ireland

“To live in hearts we leave behind is not to die

– Thomas Campbell

To the innocent on the list – Your memory will live  forever

– To  the Paramilitaries  –

There are many things worth living for, a few things worth dying for, but nothing worth killing for.

13  People   lost their lives on the  3rd  March between 1972– 1998

 

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03 March 1972


Stephen Keating,  (18)

nfNI
Status: British Army (BA),

Killed by: Irish Republican Army (IRA)
Shot while on British Army (BA) foot patrol, Manor Street, Belfast.

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03 March 1973
David Deacon,  (39)

Protestant
Status: Ulster Defence Regiment (UDR),

Killed by: Irish Republican Army (IRA)
Off duty. Found shot in laneway, Mullennan, near Derry.

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03 March 1974
Robert Moffett,  (30)

Protestant
Status: Ulster Defence Regiment (UDR),

Killed by: Irish Republican Army (IRA)
Killed in land mine attack on Ulster Defence Regiment mobile patrol, Dunnamore, near Cookstown, County Tyrone.

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03 March 1978
James Nowosad,   (21)

nfNI
Status: British Army (BA),

Killed by: Irish Republican Army (IRA)
Shot while at British Army (BA) pedestrian check point, Donegall Street, Belfast

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03 March 1978


Norma Spence,   (25)

Protestant
Status: Civilian (Civ),

Killed by: Irish Republican Army (IRA)
Civilian searcher. Shot while at British Army (BA) pedestrian check point, Donegall Street, Belfast

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03 March 1984


Herbert Burrows,   (37)

Protestant
Status: Civilian (Civ),

Killed by: Irish Republican Army (IRA)
Killed by booby trap bomb attached to garage door, at his workplace, Alexander Road, Armagh.

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03 March 1985


Hugh McCormac,  (40)

Catholic
Status: Royal Ulster Constabulary (RUC),

Killed by: Irish Republican Army (IRA)
Off duty. Shot outside St Gabriel’s Roman Catholic Church, Graan, near Enniskillen, County Fermanagh.

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03 March 1991


John Quinn,   (23)

Catholic
Status: Irish Republican Army (IRA),

Killed by: Ulster Volunteer Force (UVF)
Shot in car park next to Boyle’s Bar, Cappagh, County Tyrone.

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03 March 1991


Dwayne O’Donnell,   (17)

Catholic
Status: Irish Republican Army (IRA),#

Killed by: Ulster Volunteer Force (UVF)
Shot in car park next to Boyle’s Bar, Cappagh, County Tyrone.

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03 March 1991


Malcolm Nugent,   (20)

Catholic
Status: Irish Republican Army (IRA),

Killed by: Ulster Volunteer Force (UVF)
Shot in car park next to Boyle’s Bar, Cappagh, County Tyrone.

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03 March 1991


Thomas Armstrong,   (50)

Catholic
Status: Civilian (Civ),

Killed by: Ulster Volunteer Force (UVF)
Shot during gun attack, Boyle’s Bar, Cappagh, County Tyrone

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03 March 1998


Damian Trainor,   (26)

Catholic
Status: Civilian (Civ),

Killed by: Loyalist Volunteer Force (LVF)
Shot, during gun attack on Railway Bar, Poyntzpass, County Armagh.

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03 March 1998


Philip Allen,  (34)

Protestant
Status: Civilian (Civ),

Killed by: Loyalist Volunteer Force (LVF)
Shot, during gun attack on Railway Bar, Poyntzpass, County Armagh.

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