Tag Archives: Gerard Kelly

16th January – Deaths & Events in Northern Ireland Troubles

Key Events & Deaths on this day in Northern Ireland Troubles

16th January

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Wednesday 16 January 1974

Brian Faulkner, then Chief Executive of the Northern Ireland Executive, travelled to Dublin for a meeting with Liam Cosgrave, then Taoiseach (Irish Prime Minister) following a ruling in the Dublin High Court. The ruling implied that the reunification of Ireland did not require the consent of the majority of people in Northern Ireland.

Sunningdale; Ulster Workers’ Council Strike.

Thursday 16 January 1975

The Irish Republican Army (IRA) announced that it would call off its ceasefire as of midnight 16 January 1975

Monday 16 January 1978

Tomás Ó Fiaich, then Catholic Primate of Ireland, was quoted in the Irish Press as saying: “I believe the British should withdraw from Ireland. I think that it is the only thing that will get things moving.” The comments drew a lot of criticism including from Ian Paisley, then leader of the Democratic Unionist Party (DUP), who called Ó Fiaich “the IRA’s bishop from Crossmaglen”.

Friday 16 January 1981

Bernadette McAliskey

Bernadette McAliskey (formally Devlin) and her husband were shot and seriously injured in a gun attack in their home near Coalisland, County Tyrone. It was believed that members of the Ulster Defence Association (UDA) were responsible for the attack. Bernadette McAliskey was shot seven times in front of her children, but both her and her husband recovered from their injuries.

Injured in loyalist shooting

On 16 January 1981, she and her husband were shot by members of the Ulster Freedom Fighters, who broke into their home near Coalisland, County Tyrone. The gunmen shot Devlin fourteen times in front of her children. British soldiers were watching the McAliskey home at the time, but failed to prevent the assassination attempt.An army patrol of the 3rd Battalion, The Parachute Regiment, entered the house and waited for half an hour. Bernadette Devlin McAliskey claimed they were waiting for the couple to die. Another group of soldiers then arrived. The paramilitaries had torn out the telephone and while the wounded couple were being given first aid by the newly arrived troops, a soldier ran to a neighbour’s house, commandeered a car, and drove to the home of a councillor to telephone for help. The couple were taken by helicopter to hospital in nearby Dungannon for emergency treatment and then to the Musgrave Park Hospital, Military Wing, in Belfast, under intensive care. The attackers, Ray Smallwoods, Tom Graham (38), both from Lisburn, and Andrew Watson (25) from Seymour Hill, Dunmurry, were captured by the army patrol and subsequently jailed. All three were members of the South Belfast UDA. Smallwoods was the driver of the getaway car.

Sunday 16 January 1983

William Doyle, a County Court judge, was shot dead by members of the Irish Republican Army (IRA) as he left mass at a Catholic church in south Belfast.

Thursday 16 January 1986

Security forces in Holland raided a flat in Amsterdam and arrested two Republicans, Brendan McFarlane and Gerard Kelly, who had escaped from the Maze prison on 25 September 1983.

[The two men were extradited to the United Kingdom (UK) on 3 December 1986.]

Friday 16 January 1987

Peter Robinson, then deputy leader of the Democratic Unionist Party (DUP), pleaded guilty in a Dublin court to unlawful assembly. Robinson paid £17,500 in fines and compensation and was freed.

Saturday 16 January 1988

Two members of the Ulster Defence Regiment (UDR) were killed in separate incidents.

Monday 16 January 1989

The case of the ‘Guildford Four’ was referred to the Court of Appeal.

Tuesday 16 January 1990

John Taylor, then Ulster Unionist Party (UUP) Member of Parliament, called for an end to the Unionist boycott of talks with Northern Ireland Office ministers.

Tommy Lyttle, then leader of the Ulster Defence Association (UDA), appeared in court on charges relating to the Stevens Inquiry

Tuesday 16 February 1993

Gerry Adams, then President of Sinn Féin (SF), gave an interview to the Irish News (a Northern Ireland newspaper) in which he called for “inclusive dialogue” and a new Irish-British agreement that would bring an end to partition.

Sunday 16 January 1994

The Sunday Independent (an Dublin based newspaper) contained a story about an alleged plan of the Ulster Defence Association (UDA) to carry out ‘ethnic cleansing’. The plan involved the repartition of Northern Ireland followed by the forced removal of Catholics from the remaining area.

Monday 16 January 1995

SF Meeting With NIO Officials A delegation from Sinn Féin (SF) held a meeting with Northern Ireland Office (NIO) officials at Stormont. SF accepted that the party had an “influence” on paramilitary weapons.

Michael Ancram, then Political Development Minister at the Northern Ireland Office (NIO), later said that the decommissioning of Irish Republican Army (IRA) weapons was not a precondition to SF’s entry into substantive talks.

Thursday 16 January 1997

The case of Lee Clegg was referred to the Court of Appeal by Patrick Mayhew, then Secretary of State for Northern Ireland.

[Clegg had been released from prison in 1995 having served two years of a life sentence for the murder of Karen Reilly (16) on 30 September 1990.]

The trial of six men who had escaped from Whitmoor Prison collapsed due to “prejudicial publicity” from the London Evening Standard. The trial was being heard in the High Court in London.

Saturday 16 January 1988

Two members of the Ulster Defence Regiment (UDR) were killed in separate incidents.

Saturday 16 January 1999

It was announced that a commission involving the Orange Order and the Ulster Unionist Party (UUP) would be established to consider formal links between the two organisations.

Tuesday 16 January 2001

There was a pipe-bomb attack on the home of a Catholic family in Coleraine, County Derry. A couple and their two children, aged seven and 13, were in the house at the Heights in Coleraine when the device exploded just after midnight. The attack was carried out by Loyalist paramilitaries.

British Army (BA) bomb disposal experts defused a pipe-bomb at the north Belfast home of the brother of Ronnie Flanagan, then Chief Constable of the Royal Ulster Constabulary (RUC). Loyalists paramilitaries were believed to be responsible for leaving the device in the front garden of the house on the Cavehill Road. No-one was in the house at the time.

Wednesday 16 January 2002

Postal deliveries throughout Northern Ireland were again suspended as the Communication Workers Union, together with other trade unions, continued efforts to have Ulster Defence Association (UDA) death threats lifted.

Alan McQuillan, then Assistant Chief Constable of PSNI, met leaders of the Communication Workers Union in Belfast and give them an “honest assessment” of the threat issued by the Red Hand Defenders (RHD). Following the meeting the Belfast postal workers said they would return to work beginning with the first shifts on Thursday 17 January 2002.

The body of Stephen McCullough (39) was found at the bottom of Cavehill in north Belfast. It appeared that he had fallen from the top of a cliff. Initially the police said a crime was not suspected.

[Later (on 21 January 2002) it was revealed that McCullough was a member of the UDA. It was also revealed that hours before his death McCullough had told Royal Irish Regiment (RIR) soldiers and some police officers that he had information about the killing of Daniel McColgan (12 January 2002). Nuala O’Loan, then Police Ombudsman for Northern Ireland (PONI), began an investigation into the death of McCullough.]

Richard Haass, then a special advisor to the US President, travelled to Belfast for talks with John Reid, then Secretary of State for Northern Ireland, and also met members of the Northern Ireland Policing Board (NIPB). Haass also met representatives of Unionist political parties. Haass urged Sinn Féin (SF) to join the Policing Board saying it was in the party’s own interests to serve alongside the other political parties.

[Haass met with other groups on 17 January 2002.]

The High Court in Belfast ruled that David Trimble (UUP), then First Minister, and Seamus Mallon (SDLP), former Deputy First Minister, were wrong to withhold Executive papers, relating to free public transport, from the Democratic Unionist Party (DUP).

[The two DUP ministers had refused to serve on the Executive.]

Pat Cox (49), a Liberal Democrat Member of the European Parliament (MEP) from the Republic of Ireland, won the election to become the President of the European Parliament.

 

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Remembering all innocent victims of the Troubles

Today is the anniversary of the death of the following  people killed as a results of the conflict in Northern Ireland

“To live in hearts we leave behind is not to die

– Thomas Campbell

To the innocent on the list – Your memory will live  forever

– To  the Paramilitaries  –

There are many things worth living for, a few things worth dying for, but nothing worth killing for.

6 People   lost their lives on the 16th  January  between  1972 – 1988

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16 January 1972


Eamon McCormick,  (17)

Catholic
Status: Irish Republican Army Youth Section (IRAF),

Killed by: British Army (BA)
Died over two months after being shot during gun battle, near St Peter’s School, Ballymurphy, Belfast.

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16 January 1977
Seamus Harvey, (20)

Catholic
Status: Irish Republican Army (IRA),

Killed by: British Army (BA)
Shot by undercover British Army (BA) members, from concealed observation post, Drummuckavall, near Crossmaglen, County Armagh.

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16 January 1981


Ivan Toombs,  (42)

Protestant
Status: Ulster Defence Regiment (UDR),

Killed by: Irish Republican Army (IRA)
Off duty. Shot at his workplace, Customs Office, Warrenpoint, County Down

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16 January 1983


William Doyle,   (55)

Catholic
Status: Civilian (Civ),

Killed by: Irish Republican Army (IRA)
Judge. Shot outside St Brigid’s Roman Catholic Church, Derryvolgie Avenue, Malone, Belfast.

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16 January 1988
Timothy Armstrong,   (29)

Protestant
Status: Ulster Defence Regiment (UDR),

Killed by: Ulster Defence Association (UDA)
Off duty. Shot while walking along Park Road, Ballynafeigh, Belfast. Assumed to be a Catholic.

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16 January 1988


William Stewart,  (23)

Protestant
Status: Ulster Defence Regiment (UDR),

Killed by: Irish Republican Army (IRA)
Off duty. Died one day after being shot while driving his car near to his home, Brackaville, Coalisland, County Tyrone.

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11th November – Deaths & Events in Northern Ireland Troubles

Key Events & Deaths on this day in Northern Ireland Troubles

11th November

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Thursday 11 November 1971

Two Royal Ulster Constabulary (RUC) officers were shot dead by the Irish Republican Army (IRA) in Belfast. [One of the officers was a Catholic and was the first Catholic member of the RUC to be killed during the conflict.]

Monday 11 November 1974

Allan Quartermaine, a London insurance broker, was shot and mortally wounded in his chauffeur-driven car at traffic-lights in King’s Road, Chelsea, London. Quartermaine died a week later. It is believed that the Irish Republican Army (IRA) was responsible for the shooting. At the time police thought the shooting was a case of mistaken identity (McKee & Franey, 1988; p.84).

Tuesday 11 November 1975

Four men were killed in the continuing feud between the two wings of the Irish Republican Army (IRA).

Thursday 11 November 1976

The Ulster Loyalist Central Co-ordinating Committee (ULCCC) issued a plan, ‘Ulster Can Survive Unfettered’, for the setting up of an Independent Northern Ireland.

Thursday 11 November 1982

‘Shoot to Kill’ Allegation Sean Burns (21), Gervaise McKerr (31), and Eugene Toman (21), all members of the Irish Republican Army (IRA), were shot dead by members of an undercover unit of Royal Ulster Constabulary (RUC) at a police check point on Tullygalley Road, Craigavon, County Armagh. None of the three men were armed at the time of the shooting.

[This shooting incident, together with other similar incidents where unarmed Republican paramilitaries were shot dead led to claims that the security forces were engaged in a ‘shoot to kill’ policy. This claim was officially denied.

The RUC claimed that the three men had driven through a Vehicle Check Point. There were similar incidents on 24 November 1982 and 12 December 1982. Eventually the British government set up the Stalker inquiry (later taken over by Sampson) into the incidents.] The first sitting of the new Northern Ireland Assembly took place at Stormont, Belfast. The Social Democratic and Labour Party (SDLP) and Sinn Féin (SF) did not take up their seats.

Monday 11 November 1991

Dublin City Council in the Republic of Ireland voted for a resolution not to allow Sinn Féin (SF) to use the Mansion House for its annual Ard Fheis. The reason given was SF’s support for the Irish Republican Army (IRA).

Thursday 11 November 1993

Michael Ancram, then Political Development Minister at the Northern Ireland Office (NIO), held a meeting in London with representatives of the Ulster Unionist Party (UUP). This completed a series of bilateral meetings with the main political parties. The Democratic Unionist Party (DUP) published its proposals for the future of Northern Ireland in a document entitled Breaking the Log-Jam.

Monday 11 November 1996

Proposals for the joint marketing of tourism by Northern Ireland and the Republic of Ireland were attacked by the Democratic Unionist Party (DUP).

Wednesday 11 November 1998

The announcement that the Maze prison in County Antrim would close by the year 2000 if the Good Friday Agreement was fully implemented was greeted by anger by many Unionists.

[The closure of the Maze would have a large impact on security related jobs which are almost entirely held by Protestants.]

Joel Patton, then spokesman for the ‘Spirit of Drumcree’ group, was expelled from the Orange Order because of his outspoken criticism of William Bingham in July. Mary McAleese, then President of the Republic of Ireland, joined with Queen Elizabeth of England and King Albert of Belgium, at a ceremony in the Belgian village of Mesen (Messines Ridge) to commemorate the estimated 50,000 Irishmen (from north and south) who died during the first World War. The ceremony also marked the official opening of a peace tower (modelled on an Irish round tower) built by young people from the Republic of Ireland and Northern Ireland

Thursday 11 November 1999

Political talks that formed part of the Mitchell Review of the Agreement continued at Stormont in Belfast. There was speculation that a ‘sequence’ of events was being agreed which would include a Sinn Féin (SF) statement condemning violence and the appointment of an IRA interlocutor to negotiate with the Independent International Commission on Decommissioning (IICD) led by John de Chastelain. However Unionist opponents of the proposals said that it failed to guarantee short-term decommissioning. Ian Paisley, then leader of the Democratic Unionist Party (DUP), called on the Ulster Unionist Party (UUP) to overthrow David Trimble, then leader of the UUP, before he betrayed Unionists.

The Orange Order decided to halt disciplinary proceedings against Lord Dennis Rogan. Proceedings had been started because Rogan had attending the Catholic funeral of three victims of the Omagh bomb. Such participation in a Catholic ceremony is against the rules of the Orange Order.

Sunday 11 November 2001

Protestant Teenager Killed Glen Hugh Branagh (16), a Protestant teenager, was killed in north Belfast when a pipe-bomb he was holding exploded prematurely.

[It was later confirmed that Branagh was a member of the (Ulster) Young Militants (YM), the youth wing of the Ulster Defence Association (UDA). Members of YM were accused of killing a Protestant man, mistaken for a Catholic, during an attack on 31 March 2001.]

Police Service of Northern Ireland (PSNI) officers stated that during a riot a youth, wearing a distinctive top and mask, was seen as he was about to throw a pipe-bomb at the security forces on North Queen Street; the bomb went off while he was still holding it. The crowd then called the police officers forward to give medical assistance. Although treated at the scene Branagh died later in hospital. Two other men were injured in the explosion.

[Loyalists claimed that the bomb had been thrown by Nationalists and that Branagh had picked the device up. This claim was denied by PSNI officers who said they saw quite clearly what had happened.]

Prior to this incident there had been serious rioting in the area between rival Protestant and Catholic residents. Later in the evening there were further disturbances and police fired 9 plastic baton rounds. A Catholic girl (14) was injured when she was hit in the stomach by a plastic bullet.

Catholic residents also claimed that a boy (11) and a teenager (17) were also hit by plastic bullets. Twenty-four police officers and two British soldiers were injured during the rioting. There were several shooting incidents in Belfast during the evening and in the early hours of Monday 12 November 2001. A gunman fired a shot from a car at four youths sitting in a bus shelter on the Antrim Road, north Belfast. There were reports that a gunman had fired a shot into the Clarendon Bar, Garmoyle Street in the Docks area of Belfast at about 10.00pm (2200GMT). There were a series of events across Northern Ireland to mark Remembrance Day. Among the wreaths laid at memorials were, for the first time, ones on behalf of the Police Service of Northern Ireland (PSNI).

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Remembering all innocent victims of the Troubles

Today is the anniversary of the death of the following  people killed as a results of the conflict in Northern Ireland

“To live in hearts we leave behind is not to die

– Thomas Campbell

To the innocent on the list – Your memory will live  forever

– To  the Paramilitaries  –

There are many things worth living for, a few things worth dying for, but nothing worth killing for.

16  People lost their lives on the 11th November between 1971 – 2001

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11 November 1971


Dermot Hurley,  (50)

Catholic
Status: Royal Ulster Constabulary (RUC),

Killed by: Irish Republican Army (IRA)
Shot while in shop at rear of Oldpark Royal Ulster Constabulary (RUC) base, Oldpark Road, Belfast.

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11 November 1971


Walter Moore,  (37)

Protestant
Status: Royal Ulster Constabulary (RUC),

Killed by: Irish Republican Army (IRA)
Shot while in shop at rear of Oldpark Royal Ulster Constabulary (RUC) base, Oldpark Road, Belfast.

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11 November 1972
Gerard Kelly,  (58)

Catholic
Status: Civilian (Civ),

Killed by: Red Hand Commando (RHC)
Shot at his newsagent’s shop, Crumlin Road, Belfast.

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11 November 1975


John McAllister,  (19)

Catholic
Status: Civilian (Civ),

Killed by: Irish Republican Army (IRA)
Shot while standing at bus stop, Springfield Road, Ballymurphy, Belfast. A relative of a member of Republican Clubs. Official Irish Republican Army (OIRA) / Irish Republican Army (IRA) feud.

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11 November 1975


Comgall Casey,   (18)

Catholic
Status: Civilian Political Activist (CivPA),

Killed by: Irish Republican Army (IRA)
Former Republican Clubs member. Shot at his workplace, joinery firm, Andersonstown, Belfast. Official Irish Republican Army (OIRA) / Irish Republican Army (IRA) feud.

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11 November 1975

Owen McVeigh,  (28)

Catholic
Status: Civilian (Civ),

Killed by: Official Irish Republican Army (OIRA)
Shot at his home, Grosvenor Place, Lower Falls, Belfast. Mistaken for Irish Republican Army (IRA) member. Official Irish Republican Army (OIRA) / Irish Republican Army (IRA) feud

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11 November 1975


John Brown,  (25)

Catholic
Status: Official Irish Republican Army (OIRA),

Killed by: Irish Republican Army (IRA)
Shot at his home, Cooke Place, off Ormeau Road, Belfast. Official Irish Republican Army (OIRA) / Irish Republican Army (IRA) feud.

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11 November 1976
Patrick Smyth,  (24)

Catholic
Status: Civilian (Civ),

Killed by: non-specific Republican group (REP)
Shot while inside social club, Saul Street, Short Strand, Belfast.

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11 November 1976
Winston McCaughey,  (33)

Protestant
Status: Ulster Defence Regiment (UDR),

Killed by: Irish Republican Army (IRA)
Off duty. Shot outside his home, Kilrea, County Derry.

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11 November 1977
Patrick Shields,  (53)

Catholic
Status: Civilian (Civ),

Killed by: Irish Republican Army (IRA)
Killed in car bomb explosion, King Street, Belfast. Inadequate warning given.

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11 November 1980
Owen McQuade, (31)

nfNI
Status: British Army (BA),

Killed by: Irish Republican Army (IRA)
Shot while sitting in stationary British Army (BA) minibus, main driveway of Altnagelvin Hospital, Derry.

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11 November 1981


Cecil Graham,   (32)

Protestant
Status: Ulster Defence Regiment (UDR),

Killed by: Irish Republican Army (IRA)
Off duty. Died two days after being shot while leaving relative’s home, Lisnaskea, County Fermanagh.

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11 November 1982


Eugene Toman,   (21)

Catholic
Status: Irish Republican Army (IRA),

Killed by: Royal Ulster Constabulary (RUC)
Shot by undercover Royal Ulster Constabulary (RUC) members at Vehicle Check Point (VCP), Tullygalley East Road, Craigavon, County Armagh.

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11 November 1982


Sean Burns,  (21)

Catholic
Status: Irish Republican Army (IRA),

Killed by: Royal Ulster Constabulary (RUC)
Shot by undercover Royal Ulster Constabulary (RUC) members at Vehicle Check Point (VCP), Tullygalley East Road, Craigavon, County Armagh.

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11 November 1982


Gervaise McKerr,  (31)

Catholic
Status: Irish Republican Army (IRA),

Killed by: Royal Ulster Constabulary (RUC)
Shot by undercover Royal Ulster Constabulary (RUC) members at Vehicle Check Point (VCP), Tullygalley East Road, Craigavon, County Armagh.

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11 November 2001
Glen Branagh,  (16)

Protestant
Status: Ulster Defence Association (UDA),

Killed by: Ulster Defence Association (UDA)
Killed in premature explosion, while handling pipe-bomb, during street disturbances, North Queen Street, Tigers Bay, Belfast.

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