Tag Archives: David Walker

12th July – Deaths & Events in Northern Ireland Troubles

Key Events & Deaths on this day in Northern Ireland Troubles

12th July

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Saturday 12 July 1969

As the ‘marching season’ reached its height there was serious rioting in Derry, Belfast and Dungiven. Many familles in Belfast were forced to move from their homes.

[The upsurge in violence followed a period of relative calm

Monday 12 July 1971

David Walker

A British soldier was shot dead in Belfast. The main Orange Order parades across Northern Ireland passed off relatively peacefully.

Wednesday 12 July 1972

A Protestant man was found shot dead in Portadown.

Two men, one Catholic one Protestant, were shot dead in a public house in Portadown.

Two men were shot dead in separate incidents in Belfast.

Thursday 12 July 1979

Margaret Thatcher, then British Prime Minister, criticised the British Broadcasting Corporation (BBC) after it had broadcast an interview with a member of the Irish National Liberation Army (INLA).

[This incident was to set a pattern of confrontation between the media, particularly the broadcast media, and Conservative governments during the 1980s and 1990s.]

Thursday 12 July 1984

Twelfth in Northern Ireland 2013

The annual Orange Order ‘Twelfth’ parades took place across Northern Ireland. There was violence following the parades with attacks on security forces and shops in Derry. Catholic families were also attacked in Limavady, County Derry, in Ballymena, County Antrim, and in Ballynahinch, County Down.

During speeches at the various centres across the region leading Orange figures condemned the Report of the New Ireland Forum

Friday 12 July 1985

There was further rioting in Portadown, County Armagh, following the decision by the Royal Ulster Constabulary (RUC) to re-route Orange Order and Royal Black Institution parades away from Obins Street, a mainly Catholic area of Portadown. During serious rioting between Loyalists and the RUC extensive damage was inflicted on property in the town and 52 RUC officers were injured.

Saturday 12 July 1986

There were further periods of violence following the Orange Order ‘Twelfth’ parades.

[Later the Royal Ulster Constabulary (RUC) released figures that showed there had been 128 RUC officers and 66 civilians injured and 127 arrests made. 281 plastic baton rounds had been fired and there were 79 reported cases of intimidation.]

Brian Leonard (20), a Catholic civilian, died two days after been shot while working on a building site in Shugville Street, Shankill, Belfast. The Protestant Action Force (PAF) claimed responsibility for the killing.

[The PAF killed two more Catholic civilians during July 1986 and two in September 1986.]

Wednesday 12 July 1989

Charles Haughey was re-elected as Taoiseach (Irish Prime Minister). Fianna Fáil (FF) formed the new government with the support of the Progressive Democrats (PDs). This was the first occasion that FF had been part of a coalition government.

Thursday 12 July 1990

The case of the Maguire family was referred to the Court of Appeal.

Friday 12 July 1991

The results of a survey of public opinion on the political talks (later known as the Brooke / Mayhew talks) was published. It showed a high level of support for the resumption of the talks (73 per cent of people questioned in Northern Ireland; 87 per cent in the Republic of Ireland; and 79 per cent in Britain). The survey was carried out by Ulster Marketing Surveys, Irish Marketing Surveys, and Gallup.

Tuesday 12 July 1994

The security forces in England seized a lorry containing over 1,800kgs of explosives at the port of Heysham, Lancashire. The explosives had been hidden in false compartments and the Irish Republican Army (IRA) was considered to be responsible.

[There was speculation that the explosives would have been used in London.]

Wednesday 12 July 1995

Orange Order parades took place at a number of centres across Northern Ireland. In the lower Ormeau Road area of Belfast the Royal Ulster Constabulary (RUC) moved hundreds of police officers into the area to prevent Nationalist residents from protesting on the street.

Many residents were blocked inside their homes for the duration of the operation. Approximately 150 Orangemen, accompanied by four bands, left Ballynafeigh Hall at 9.30am to parade along the Ormeau Road. There were clashes between the Nationalist residents and the RUC.

A number of vehicles were hijacked and burned. During the evening there were attacks on the homes of several Catholic and Protestant families and there were arson attacks on five Orange Halls.

[ The Irish government later accused the RUC of bias in favour of the Orange Order and made a complaint to the Anglo-Irish Secretariat at Maryfield.]

Friday 12 July 1996

Ballynafeigh Orangemen were allowed to march through the Catholic lower Ormeau Road area of Belfast. There was continuing rioting in nationalist areas.

Dermot McShane (35), a Catholic man, was killed when he was run over by a British Army armoured car in Little James Street, Derry.

It was estimated that 1,000 petrol bombs were thrown and 1,000 plastic bullets were fired in Derry. John Bruton, then Taoiseach (Irish Prime Minister), criticised the decision to allow the Orange march to proceed on the Garvaghy Road. He accused the British government of yielding to force and the threat of force.

Saturday 12 July 1997

The ‘Twelfth’ Orange Order parades across Northern Ireland passed off relatively peacefully with only minor incidents. There were some stones thrown in the White City area of Belfast. Two Royal Ulster Constabulary (RUC) officers and three soldiers were slightly injured in an Irish Republican Army (IRA) attack in north Belfast.

John Hume, then leader of the Social Democratic and Labour Party (SDLP), held a meeting with Tony Blair, then British Prime Minister, and called on the IRA to announce a new ceasefire. An RUC Landrover, being used to police an Orange Order parade at Dunloy, appeared with a handpainted rat with a crown and the words “King Rat”.

billy writgt

[‘King Rat’ was the nickname of Billy Wright, then leader of the Loyalist Volunteer Force (LVF). Wright was believed to have been responsible for the deaths of many innocent Catholic civilians.]

The relative of one of his victims called on the RUC to take immediate disciplinary action against the officers responsible for the painting.

See Billy Wright

Sunday 12 July 1998

Three Boys Killed at Ballymoney

Three young Catholic boys, Richard (11), Mark (10), and Jason (9) Ouinn, were burnt to death after their home, in Ballymoney, County Antrim, was petrol bombed in a sectarian attack carried out by Loyalists.

[It was later disclosed that members of the Ulster Volunteer Force (UVF) had been involved in the attack.]

Christine Quinn the boys mother, her partner, Raymond Craig, and a family friend, Christina Archibald (18) escaped from the house but they and neighbours were unable to reach the three boys. Lee Ouinn (13), the oldest son, was staying with his grandmother when the incident occurred.

[There was a general sense of shock when the news of the deaths broke and in the following days the incident was to have a major impact on the Orange Order protest at Drumcree. Although senior representatives of the Order tried to distance the organisation from the violence that had been almost continuous since the 5 July 1998, many commentators argued that the Orange Order had to accept some responsibility for the violence of its followers.]

William Bingham (Rev.), then Deputy Grand Chaplain of the Orange Order, called for the Drumcree protest to be ended and said that the 15 minute march down the Garvaghy Road would be “a hallow victory” as it would be taking place in the shadows of three little white coffins. David Trimble, then leader of the Ulster Unionist Party (UUP), and Robin Eames (Dr), then Church of Ireland Primate, also called for an end to the protest.

The Orange Order rejected these and other similar calls.

[The protest at Drumcree declined following the Quinn deaths but a token protest was maintained during most of the year to July 1999.]

Monday 12 July 1999

Across Northern Ireland the Twelfth parades passed off without incident. The largest Orange parade with around 20,000 marchers proceeded through south Belfast to the Ormeau Park, keeping to a compromise route.

Other parades passed off without major incident. Legislation was put before the Westminster Parliament, designed to act as a safeguard for the decommissioning of arms and the devolution of power in Northern Ireland.

Mary McAleese, then President of the Republic of Ireland, attended a reception to mark the 50th anniversary of the death of the Republic’s first president, Douglas Hyde (Dr). She said his message was that barriers between differing traditions should not be broken down by threat or stealth.

Wednesday 12 July 2000

Andrew Cairns (22), a member of the Ulster Volunteer Force (UVF), was shot dead while attending “eleventh night” bonfire celebrations in Boyne Square, Larne, County Antrim.

The Ulster Defence Association (UDA) were believed to have been responsible for the killing. The killing was part of a feud between the UDA and the UVF.

Thursday 12 July 2001

Serious Violence in Belfast

Orange Order parades took place across Northern Ireland. Speakers at Orange rallies across the region attacked the peace process and the Good Friday Agreement.

About a hundred members of the Ballynafeigh Lodge were prevented by a Parades Commission ruling from marching along the Nationalist Lower Ormeau Road area of Belfast.

The Parades Commission had also re-routed the main parade in Derry. The worst riots for a number of years took place as the Royal Ulster Constabulary (RUC) sealed off part of the Nationalist Ardoyne area of Belfast to allow an Orange Order parade to pass close to the Catholic area.

The RUC reported that 10 officers had been injured in the disturbances. Nationalists claimed that a number of people had been injured by the RUC with at least 12 people being struck by plastic bullets.

[Senior police later accused the Irish Republican Army (IRA) of orchestrating the violence. The claim was rejected by Sinn Féin (SF).]

There was also violence in the east of Belfast when a Orange Order parade passed the Nationalist Short Strand area.

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Remembering all innocent victims of the Troubles

Today is the anniversary of the death of the following people killed as a results of the conflict in Northern Ireland

“To live in hearts we leave behind is not to die

– Thomas Campbell

To the innocent on the list – Your memory will live forever

– To the Paramilitaries –

There are many things worth living for, a few things worth dying for, but nothing worth killing for.

18  People lost their lives on the 12th  July between 1971 – 2000

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12 July 1971


David Walker  (30)

nfNI
Status: British Army (BA),

Killed by: Irish Republican Army (IRA)
Shot by sniper, while leaving British Army (BA) observation post, Northumberland Street, Lower Falls, Belfast.

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12 July 1972
Paul Beattie  (19)

Protestant
Status: Civilian (Civ),

Killed by: non-specific Republican group (REP)
Found shot in entry, off Churchill Park, Portadown, County Armagh.

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12 July 1972


Jack McCabe  (48)

Catholic
Status: Civilian (Civ),

Killed by: Ulster Defence Association (UDA)
Shot at his licensed premises, McCabe’s Bar, High Street, Portadown, County Armagh.

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12 July 1972
William Cochrane  (53)

Protestant
Status: Civilian (Civ),

Killed by: Ulster Defence Association (UDA)
Shot while inside McCabe’s Bar, High Street, Portadown, County Armagh.

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12 July 1972
David McClenaghan  (15)

Catholic
Status: Civilian (Civ),

Killed by: non-specific Loyalist group (LOY)
Shot at his home, Southport Street, Lower Oldpark, Belfast.

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12 July 1972
Colin Poots   (21)

Protestant
Status: Civilian (Civ),

Killed by: non-specific Republican group (REP)
Found shot by Flush River, off Springfield Road, Belfast.

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12 July 1973
Frederick Davis   (28)

Protestant
Status: Civilian (Civ),

Killed by: non-specific Republican group (REP)
Found strangled in entry off Seaforde Street, Short Strand, Belfast.

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12 July 1974
John Beattie   (17)

Protestant
Status: Ulster Defence Association (UDA),

Killed by: Irish Republican Army (IRA)
Shot while standing on the corner of Glenrosa Street and Moyola Street, Tiger’s Bay, Belfast

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12 July 1974
Michael Browne   (16)

Catholic
Status: Civilian (Civ),

Killed by: Ulster Volunteer Force (UVF)
Found shot, Castle grounds, Bangor, County Down.

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12 July 1975


James Carberry   (20)

Protestant
Status: Civilian (Civ),

Killed by: Irish Republican Army (IRA)
Found shot, Old Templepatrick Road, Ballyutoag, near Belfast, County Antrim.

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12 July 1978


John Fisher  (19)

nfNI
Status: British Army (BA),

Killed by: Irish Republican Army (IRA)
Killed by remote controlled bomb hidden in manhole while on British Army (BA) foot patrol, Crossmaglen, County Armagh.

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12 July 1979
Michael Kearney   (21)

Catholic
Status: Irish Republican Army (IRA),

Killed by: Irish Republican Army (IRA)
Found shot Legakelly, near Newtownbutler, County Fermanagh. Alleged informer.

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12 July 1986
Brian Leonard  (20)

Catholic
Status: Civilian (Civ),

Killed by: Protestant Action Force (PAF)
Died two days after being shot while working on building site, Snugville Street, Shankill, Belfast.

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12 July 1987


Alan McQuiston   (46)

Protestant
Status: Civilian (Civ),

Killed by: Irish Republican Army (IRA)
Shot during street disturbances, Alliance Avenue, Ardoyne, Belfast.

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12 July 1998


 Richard Quinn  (11)

Catholic
Status: Civilian (Civ),

Killed by: Ulster Volunteer Force (UVF)
Killed during petrol bomb attack on his home, Carnany Park, Ballymoney, County Antrim

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12 July 1998


Mark Quinn  (10)

Catholic
Status: Civilian (Civ),

Killed by: Ulster Volunteer Force (UVF)
Killed during petrol bomb attack on his home, Carnany Park, Ballymoney, County Antrim

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12 July 1998


Jason Quinn  (9)

Catholic
Status: Civilian (Civ),

Killed by: Ulster Volunteer Force (UVF)
Killed during petrol bomb attack on his home, Carnany Park, Ballymoney, County Antrim.

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12 July 2000
Andrew Cairns  (22)

Protestant
Status: Ulster Volunteer Force (UVF),

Killed by: Ulster Defence Association (UDA)
Shot while attending eleventh night bonfire celebrations, Boyne Square, Larne, County Antrim. Ulster Defence Association (UDA) / Ulster Volunteer Force (UVF) feud.

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21st June – Deaths & Events in Northern Ireland Troubles

Key Events & Deaths on this day in Northern Ireland Troubles

21st June

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Friday 21 June 1968

The annual conference of the Nationalist Party unanimously approved of the protest action by Austin Currie in Caledon, County Tryone on 20 June 1968.

Tuesday 21 June 1977

The unemployment figures showed that the number of people out of work stood at 60,000, the highest June total for 37 years.

Wednesday 21 June 1978

Bodies are put in the back of a van at the scene of the shooting

Three members of the Irish Republican Army (IRA) and a passing Protestant civilian were shot dead by undercover members of the British Army during an attempted bomb attack on a Post Office depot, Ballysillan Road, Belfast.

See here for more details

Monday 21 June 1982

The Federal Bureau of Investigation (FBI) arrested four men in New York who they claimed were trying to buy surface-to-air missiles on behalf of the Irish Republican Army (IRA).

Sunday 21 June 1992

Sinn Féin (SF) held its annual Wolfe Tone commemoration in County Kildare. Jim Gibney, then a leading member of SF, said that a British withdrawal from Northern Ireland would have to be preceded by a period of peace and negotiations involving Nationalists and Unionists.

[Some commentators took this as a sign that SF and the Irish Republican Army (IRA) were considering ending the ‘armed struggle’.]

Tuesday 21 June 1994

The Irish Times (a Dublin based newspaper) reported an interview with Albert Reynolds, then Taoiseach (Irish Prime Minister).

Reynolds said that cross-border institutions with executive powers would be required in return for any changes to Articles 2 and 3 of the Irish Constitution.

Unionist councillors on Belfast City Council voted to remove Alex Attwood, then Social Democratic and Labour Party (SDLP) councillor, from his committee chair. He had been the only Nationalist chairing a

Friday 21 June 1996

Hundreds of Royal Ulster Constabulary (RUC) officers escorted an Orange march through north Belfast. There were riots following the parade in Catholic areas of Belfast. Gareth Parker (23), a Catholic man, died following a beating he received near the Shaftesbury Inn in north Belfast.

Saturday 21 June 1997

Loyalist paramilitaries carried out a booby-trap bomb attack on a car in Claremont Street in south Belfast.

Three men were injured in the attack.

Séan Connolly, a Catholic priest based at the chapel in Harryville, Ballymena, announced that services would be suspended until 8 September 1997.

The Royal Ulster Constabulary (RUC) had informed Connolly that it could not guarantee the safety of those wishing to attend services at the chapel on 12 July 1997.

The decision to suspend the services over the ‘marching season’ was taken following 41 weeks of picketing by Loyalists outside the chapel.

Monday 21 June 1999

The BBC ‘Panorama’ programme alleged that Ronnie Flanagan, then Chief Constable of the Royal Ulster Constabulary (RUC), told a UN rapporteur that some lawyers in Ireland “were working for a paramilitary agenda”. Flanagan denied the claim.

The programme also alleged there had been collusion between RUC officers and Loyalist paramilitaries.

The results of a survey sponsored by the Parades Commission were published. Of those people questioned a majority of Protestants and Catholics agreed that the Loyal Orders should enter direct talks with residents groups and also with the Parades Commission.

A majority of Protestants questioned disagreed with the rulings reached by the Comission. Mary Freehill, then member of the Irish Labour party, and Damian Wallace, then a member of Fianna Fáil (FF), were elected Lord Mayor of Dublin and Cork respectively.

Fine Gael warned its councillors not to enter any voting pacts with Sinn Féin until there was a resolution of the decommissioning impasse.

Thursday 21 June 2001

There was another Loyalist blockade of the road to the Catholic Holy Cross Girls’ Primary School in Ardoyne, north Belfast. Royal Ulster Constabulary (RUC) officers advised children and parents not to attempt to enter the school.

Eventually about 60 of the school’s 230 pupils entered the school throught the grounds of another school.

Gerry Kelly, then a senior member of Sinn Féin (SF), said:

“It’s like something out of Alabama in the 1960s”.

Three Protestant families left their homes in Ardoyne Avenue, north Belfast, after they said that they were afraid of a Nationalist attack.

During the evening and night there were serious distrubances in the area around the Holy Cross school. Loyalists fired ten shots, and threw six blast bombs and 46 petrol bombs at police lines

   

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Remembering all innocent victims of the Troubles

Today is the anniversary of the death of the following people killed as a results of the conflict in Northern Ireland

“To live in hearts we leave behind is not to die

– Thomas Campbell

To the innocent on the list – Your memory will live forever

– To the Paramilitaries –

There are many things worth living for, a few things worth dying for, but nothing worth killing for.

11 People lost their lives on the 21st June between 1972 – 1991

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21 June 1972
Kerry McCarthy   (19)

nfNI
Status: British Army (BA),

Killed by: Irish Republican Army (IRA)
Shot by sniper while on sentry duty outside Victoria Royal Ulster Constabulary (RUC) / British Army (BA) base, Derry

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21 June 1973


Barry Gritten  (29)

nfNI
Status: British Army (BA),

Killed by: Irish Republican Army (IRA)
Killed by booby trap bomb in unoccupied building, Lecky Road, Bogside, Derry.

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21 June 1973
David Smith   (31)

nfNI
Status: British Army (BA),

Killed by: Irish Republican Army (IRA)
Killed by booby trap bomb while searching derelict house, Ballycolman, Strabane, County Tyrone.

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21 June 1973
David Walker   (16)

Protestant
Status: Civilian (Civ),

Killed by: Official Irish Republican Army (OIRA)
Found shot in entry off O’Neill Street, Falls, Belfast.

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21 June 1974
Stanley Lemon   (51)

Protestant
Status: Civilian (Civ),

Killed by: non-specific Loyalist group (LOY)
Shot as he arrived at his workplace, Shore Road, Skegoneill, Belfast. Mistaken for a Catholic.

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21 June 1976


Sydney McAvoy   (50)

Protestant
Status: ex-Ulster Defence Regiment (xUDR),

Killed by: Irish Republican Army (IRA)
Shot at his shop, The Old Wheel Stores, Upper Dunmurry Lane, Dunmurry, near Belfast, County Antrim.

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21 June 1978


Denis Brown   (28)

Catholic
Status: Irish Republican Army (IRA),

Killed by: British Army (BA)
Shot by undercover British Army (BA) members, during attempted IRA bomb attack on Post Office depot, Ballysillan Road, Belfast.

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21 June 1978


William Mailey   (30)

Catholic
Status: Irish Republican Army (IRA),

Killed by: British Army (BA)
Shot by undercover British Army (BA) members, during attempted IRA bomb attack on Post Office depot, Ballysillan Road, Belfast.

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21 June 1978


James Mulvenna   (28)

Catholic
Status: Irish Republican Army (IRA),

Killed by: British Army (BA)
Shot by undercover British Army (BA) members during attempted IRA bomb attack on post office depot, Ballysillan Road, Belfast.

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21 June 1978


William Hanna  (28)

Protestant
Status: Ulster Volunteer Force (UVF),

Killed by: British Army (BA)
Shot by undercover British Army (BA) members, during attempted Irish Republican Army (IRA) bomb attack on Post Office depot, Ballysillan Road, Belfast. He was walking past at the time of the incident. Assumed to be an IRA member.

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21 June 1991
Mary Perry (26)

Catholic
Status: Civilian (Civ),

Killed by: not known (nk)
Abducted somewhere in the Portadown area, County Armagh. Found beaten to death, on information supplied anonymously, buried in field, near Mullaghmore, County Sligo, on 30 June 1992.

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