Tag Archives: David Smith

4th July – Deaths & Events in Northern Ireland Troubles

Key Events & Deaths on this day in Northern Ireland Troubles

4th July

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Saturday 4 July 1970

falls road curfew 2.jpg

The Falls Road curfew continued throughout the day. A man was killed by the British Army.

Thursday 4 July 1974

The Northern Ireland Office (NIO) published a White Paper, The Northern Ireland Constitution (Cmnd. 5675), which set out government plans to hold elections to a Constitutional Convention which would look for an agreed political settlement to the Northern Ireland conflict.

[Many elements of previous attempts at a settlement were present in the document including that of power-sharing and the recognition that there should be an Irish dimension. The Act of Parliament which gave effect to the proposals was passed on 17 July 1974.]

Saturday 4 July 1981

In a statement issued on behalf of the hunger strikers, they said that they had no objection to any changes in the prison regime being applied to all prisoners.

[This would have meant that special category status was not being conferred on Republican prisoners alone.]

Monday 4 July 1983

Catholic Bishops in Northern Ireland warned against the dangers of the reintroduction of the death penalty. They also called for a ban on the use of plastic bullets by members of the security forces.

Monday 4 July 1988

John Hermon, then Chief Constable of the Royal Ulster Constabulary (RUC), announced that disciplinary proceedings were to be undertaken against 20 RUC officers as a result of the investigation into the ‘shoot to kill’ incidents in 1982.

Thursday 4 July 1991

End of CLMC Ceasefire

The Combined Loyalist Military Command (CLMC) announced the end of the ceasefire, as of midnight, that had begun on 29 April 1991.

[The ceasefire had been called to coincide with the period of the political talks (later known as the Brooke / Mayhew talks).]

Sunday 4 July 1993

The Sunday Tribune (a Republic of Ireland newspaper) carried an interview with Gerry Adams, then President of Sinn Féin (SF). Adams was reported as stating that Republicans might accept joint authority as “part of the process towards an end to partition”.

Tuesday 4 July 1995

John Major won the contest for the leadership of the Conservative Party.

Patrick Mayhew, then Secretary of State for Northern Ireland, rejected claims that the release of Lee Clegg on 3 July 1995 was linked to the leadership contest within the Conservative Party

Friday 4 July 1997

drumcree church at night

60 families had to be evacuated for a time from their homes on the Garvaghy Road, Portadown, following a bomb warning from Loyalist paramilitaries.

As tension mounted in the run-up to the planned Drumcree parade on 6 July 1997, thousands of people left Northern Ireland to avoid the kind of trouble and disruption witnessed in 1996.

See Drumcree

Saturday 4 July 1998

Private meetings were held to attempt to resolve the dispute over the forthcoming Orange Order parade from Drumcree to Portadown. However, the talks failed to produce a breakthrough in the dispute. [As no resolution had been achieved to the Drumcree dispute there was considerable tension in Northern Ireland. In fact many people had arranged to take their holidays to coincide with the Drumcree march.]

Sunday 4 July 1999

Drumcree Parade – ‘Drumcree V’

For the fifth year in a row attention was focused on the Orange Order parade at Drumcree, Portadown, County Armagh. Hundreds of Orangemen from across County Armagh paraded to Drumcree Churce. However, the Orange Order was refused permission in a determination by the Parades Commission to parade down the mainly Nationalist Garvaghy Road.

The security forces had erected a steel barricade across the road to halt the march but the subsequent protest passed off relatively quietly compared to previous years. There was only one incident at a security barricade when one baton round (plastic bullet) was fired.

See Drumcree

There were clashes between police and Loyalists on 5 July 1999.

Following ‘The Way Forward‘ joint statement by Tony Blair, then British Prime Minister, and Bertie Ahern, then Taoiseach (Irish Prime Minister), the two men called on the Irish Republican Army (IRA) to make a statement to ease Unionist fears over decommissioning.

Blair published an article in The Sunday Times (a London based newspaper) in which he said that a rejection of the document by the Ulster Unionist Party (UUP) would amount to a “tactical own goal”. Reports that Marjorie (Mo) Mowlam, then Secretary of State for Northern Ireland, was to be moved from Belfast to a different cabinet post were dismissed as “bunkum” by British government sources. [Mowlam was replace by Peter Mandelson on 11 October 1999.]

Wednesday 4 July 2001

Loyalists Kill Catholic Teenager

Ciaran Cummings (19), a Catholic civilian, was shot dead by the Ulster Defence Association (UDA) while on his way to work in County Antrim. Cummings was shot as he waited for a lift to work at the Greystone roundabout outside Antrim town at 7.30am (0730BST). The gunmen used a motorcycle in the ‘drive-by’ killing. [The Red Hand Defenders (RHD), a cover name used by members of the UDA, claimed responsibility for the killing.]

 

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Remembering all innocent victims of the Troubles

Today is the anniversary of the death of the following people killed as a results of the conflict in Northern Ireland

“To live in hearts we leave behind is not to die

– Thomas Campbell

To the innocent on the list – Your memory will live forever

– To the Paramilitaries –

There are many things worth living for, a few things worth dying for, but nothing worth killing for.

5 People lost their lives on the 4th  July between 1970 – 2001

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04 July 1970
Zbigniew Uglik   (23)

nfNI
Status: Civilian (Civ), K

illed by: British Army (BA)
English visitor. Shot at the rear of house, Albert Street, Lower Falls, Belfast

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04 July 1974
David Smith   (26)

nfNI
Status: British Army (BA),

Killed by: Irish Republican Army (IRA)
Died five days after being shot by sniper while on British Army (BA) mobile patrol, Whiterock Road, Ballymurphy, Belfast.

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04 July 1978


Jacob Rankin   (32)

Protestant
Status: Royal Ulster Constabulary (RUC),

Killed by: Irish Republican Army (IRA)
Shot outside Castlederg Royal Ulster Constabulary (RUC) base, County Tyrone.

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04 July 1988


Kenneth Stronge   (46)

Protestant
Status: Civilian (Civ),

Killed by: British Army (BA)
Died three days after being shot by undercover British Army (BA) members, while driving his taxi past North Queen Street Royal Ulster Constabulary (RUC) base, Belfast.

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04 July 2001


Ciaran Cummings   (19)

Catholic
Status: Civilian (Civ),

Killed by: Red Hand Defenders (RHD)
Shot while waiting at roundabout, for lift to work, Greystone Road, Antrim, County Antrim.

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21st June – Deaths & Events in Northern Ireland Troubles

Key Events & Deaths on this day in Northern Ireland Troubles

21st June

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Friday 21 June 1968

The annual conference of the Nationalist Party unanimously approved of the protest action by Austin Currie in Caledon, County Tryone on 20 June 1968.

Tuesday 21 June 1977

The unemployment figures showed that the number of people out of work stood at 60,000, the highest June total for 37 years.

Wednesday 21 June 1978

Bodies are put in the back of a van at the scene of the shooting

Three members of the Irish Republican Army (IRA) and a passing Protestant civilian were shot dead by undercover members of the British Army during an attempted bomb attack on a Post Office depot, Ballysillan Road, Belfast.

See here for more details

Monday 21 June 1982

The Federal Bureau of Investigation (FBI) arrested four men in New York who they claimed were trying to buy surface-to-air missiles on behalf of the Irish Republican Army (IRA).

Sunday 21 June 1992

Sinn Féin (SF) held its annual Wolfe Tone commemoration in County Kildare. Jim Gibney, then a leading member of SF, said that a British withdrawal from Northern Ireland would have to be preceded by a period of peace and negotiations involving Nationalists and Unionists.

[Some commentators took this as a sign that SF and the Irish Republican Army (IRA) were considering ending the ‘armed struggle’.]

Tuesday 21 June 1994

The Irish Times (a Dublin based newspaper) reported an interview with Albert Reynolds, then Taoiseach (Irish Prime Minister).

Reynolds said that cross-border institutions with executive powers would be required in return for any changes to Articles 2 and 3 of the Irish Constitution.

Unionist councillors on Belfast City Council voted to remove Alex Attwood, then Social Democratic and Labour Party (SDLP) councillor, from his committee chair. He had been the only Nationalist chairing a

Friday 21 June 1996

Hundreds of Royal Ulster Constabulary (RUC) officers escorted an Orange march through north Belfast. There were riots following the parade in Catholic areas of Belfast. Gareth Parker (23), a Catholic man, died following a beating he received near the Shaftesbury Inn in north Belfast.

Saturday 21 June 1997

Loyalist paramilitaries carried out a booby-trap bomb attack on a car in Claremont Street in south Belfast.

Three men were injured in the attack.

Séan Connolly, a Catholic priest based at the chapel in Harryville, Ballymena, announced that services would be suspended until 8 September 1997.

The Royal Ulster Constabulary (RUC) had informed Connolly that it could not guarantee the safety of those wishing to attend services at the chapel on 12 July 1997.

The decision to suspend the services over the ‘marching season’ was taken following 41 weeks of picketing by Loyalists outside the chapel.

Monday 21 June 1999

The BBC ‘Panorama’ programme alleged that Ronnie Flanagan, then Chief Constable of the Royal Ulster Constabulary (RUC), told a UN rapporteur that some lawyers in Ireland “were working for a paramilitary agenda”. Flanagan denied the claim.

The programme also alleged there had been collusion between RUC officers and Loyalist paramilitaries.

The results of a survey sponsored by the Parades Commission were published. Of those people questioned a majority of Protestants and Catholics agreed that the Loyal Orders should enter direct talks with residents groups and also with the Parades Commission.

A majority of Protestants questioned disagreed with the rulings reached by the Comission. Mary Freehill, then member of the Irish Labour party, and Damian Wallace, then a member of Fianna Fáil (FF), were elected Lord Mayor of Dublin and Cork respectively.

Fine Gael warned its councillors not to enter any voting pacts with Sinn Féin until there was a resolution of the decommissioning impasse.

Thursday 21 June 2001

There was another Loyalist blockade of the road to the Catholic Holy Cross Girls’ Primary School in Ardoyne, north Belfast. Royal Ulster Constabulary (RUC) officers advised children and parents not to attempt to enter the school.

Eventually about 60 of the school’s 230 pupils entered the school throught the grounds of another school.

Gerry Kelly, then a senior member of Sinn Féin (SF), said:

“It’s like something out of Alabama in the 1960s”.

Three Protestant families left their homes in Ardoyne Avenue, north Belfast, after they said that they were afraid of a Nationalist attack.

During the evening and night there were serious distrubances in the area around the Holy Cross school. Loyalists fired ten shots, and threw six blast bombs and 46 petrol bombs at police lines

   

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Remembering all innocent victims of the Troubles

Today is the anniversary of the death of the following people killed as a results of the conflict in Northern Ireland

“To live in hearts we leave behind is not to die

– Thomas Campbell

To the innocent on the list – Your memory will live forever

– To the Paramilitaries –

There are many things worth living for, a few things worth dying for, but nothing worth killing for.

11 People lost their lives on the 21st June between 1972 – 1991

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21 June 1972
Kerry McCarthy   (19)

nfNI
Status: British Army (BA),

Killed by: Irish Republican Army (IRA)
Shot by sniper while on sentry duty outside Victoria Royal Ulster Constabulary (RUC) / British Army (BA) base, Derry

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21 June 1973


Barry Gritten  (29)

nfNI
Status: British Army (BA),

Killed by: Irish Republican Army (IRA)
Killed by booby trap bomb in unoccupied building, Lecky Road, Bogside, Derry.

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21 June 1973
David Smith   (31)

nfNI
Status: British Army (BA),

Killed by: Irish Republican Army (IRA)
Killed by booby trap bomb while searching derelict house, Ballycolman, Strabane, County Tyrone.

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21 June 1973
David Walker   (16)

Protestant
Status: Civilian (Civ),

Killed by: Official Irish Republican Army (OIRA)
Found shot in entry off O’Neill Street, Falls, Belfast.

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21 June 1974
Stanley Lemon   (51)

Protestant
Status: Civilian (Civ),

Killed by: non-specific Loyalist group (LOY)
Shot as he arrived at his workplace, Shore Road, Skegoneill, Belfast. Mistaken for a Catholic.

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21 June 1976


Sydney McAvoy   (50)

Protestant
Status: ex-Ulster Defence Regiment (xUDR),

Killed by: Irish Republican Army (IRA)
Shot at his shop, The Old Wheel Stores, Upper Dunmurry Lane, Dunmurry, near Belfast, County Antrim.

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21 June 1978


Denis Brown   (28)

Catholic
Status: Irish Republican Army (IRA),

Killed by: British Army (BA)
Shot by undercover British Army (BA) members, during attempted IRA bomb attack on Post Office depot, Ballysillan Road, Belfast.

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21 June 1978


William Mailey   (30)

Catholic
Status: Irish Republican Army (IRA),

Killed by: British Army (BA)
Shot by undercover British Army (BA) members, during attempted IRA bomb attack on Post Office depot, Ballysillan Road, Belfast.

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21 June 1978


James Mulvenna   (28)

Catholic
Status: Irish Republican Army (IRA),

Killed by: British Army (BA)
Shot by undercover British Army (BA) members during attempted IRA bomb attack on post office depot, Ballysillan Road, Belfast.

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21 June 1978


William Hanna  (28)

Protestant
Status: Ulster Volunteer Force (UVF),

Killed by: British Army (BA)
Shot by undercover British Army (BA) members, during attempted Irish Republican Army (IRA) bomb attack on Post Office depot, Ballysillan Road, Belfast. He was walking past at the time of the incident. Assumed to be an IRA member.

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21 June 1991
Mary Perry (26)

Catholic
Status: Civilian (Civ),

Killed by: not known (nk)
Abducted somewhere in the Portadown area, County Armagh. Found beaten to death, on information supplied anonymously, buried in field, near Mullaghmore, County Sligo, on 30 June 1992.

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