20th November – Deaths & Events in Northern Ireland Troubles

Key Events & Deaths on this day in Northern Ireland Troubles

20th November

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Monday 20th  November 1972

Two British soldiers were killed in a booby trap bomb in Cullyhanna, County Armagh.

Tuesday 20 November 1973

The Ulster Unionist Council, then the policy making branch of the Ulster Unionist Party (UUP), voted by 379 to 369 in favour of power-sharing. [ Political Developments. ]

Thursday 20 November 1975

The Northern Ireland Office (NIO) published the Northern Ireland Constitutional Convention Report.

[The Report was debated in the House of Commons on 12 January 1976. The United Ulster Unionist Council (UUUC) later published a pamphlet entitled ‘A Guide to the Convention Report‘.]

Tuesday 20 November 1979

White Paper Published (Cmnd 7763) Humphrey Atkins, then Secretary of State for Northern Ireland, published a consultative document in the form of a White Paper called The Government of Northern Ireland: A Working Paper for a Conference (Cmnd 7763). The stated aim of the conference talks was to achieve

“the highest level of agreement … which will best meet the immediate needs of Northern Ireland”.

The White Paper however ruled out discussion on a number of possible ‘solutions’ to the conflict, namely, a United Ireland, confederation, or independence for Northern Ireland. The paper also excludes discussion on the constitutional status of the region. The paper states that ‘direct rule’ from Westminster is not a satisfactory basis for the government of Northern Ireland.

[James Molyneaux, then leader of the Ulster Unionist Party (UUP), rejected the invitation to talks. The fact that an ‘Irish dimension’ had been ruled out of the talks caused a split in the response of Social Democratic and Labour Party (SDLP) to the invitation (see 22 November 1979). Atkins was later to allow parallel talks which allowed the SDLP to raise the question of an Irish dimension in any solution.]

Thursday 20 November 1980

Margaret Thatcher, then British Prime Minister, stated in the House of Commons:

“The government will never concede political status to the hunger strikers, or to any others convicted of criminal offences in the province.”

Sunday 20 November 1983

Darkley Killings Three members of the Mountain Lodge Pentecostal Church, Darkley near Keady, County Armagh, were shot dead in an attack that was claimed by the ‘Catholic Reaction Force’ (CRF). Seven other people were injured in the attack. [The CRF was believed to be a covername used by the Irish National Liberation Army (INLA).]

Wednesday 20 November 1985

Tom King, then Secretary of State for Northern Ireland, was physically attacked by Loyalist protesters as he arrived for a function at Belfast City Hall. The protests were against the Anglo-Irish Agreement (AIA). [George Seawright, then a Loyalist councillor, was jailed for nine months in October 1986 for his part in this protest.]

Tuesday 20 November 1990

John Bruton was elected as the new leader of Fine Gael.

Wednesday 20 November 1991

The Anglo-Irish Intergovernmental Conference (AIIC) held a meeting in Dublin. Ray Burke, then Minister for Justice in the Irish government, confirmed that there would be changes to the laws on extradition.

Saturday 20 November 1993

John Hume, then leader of the Social Democratic and Labour Party (SDLP), held another meeting with Gerry Adams, then President of Sinn Féin (SF). The two leaders issued a third joint statement.

Wednesday 20 November 1996

Leaders of the Ulster Democratic Party (UDP) and the Progressive Unionist Party (PUP) held a meeting with John Major, then British Prime Minister, at Downing Street, London. The leaders of the two Loyalist parties warned Major that the impasse over the issue of decommissioning arms in the Stormont talks could put the Loyalist ceasefire in “jeopardy”.

Thursday 20 November 1997

The Continuity Irish Republican Army (CIRA) left a small bomb behind Belfast City Hall. The Progressive Unionist Party (PUP) claimed that the device was aimed at their ground floor office.

David Trimble, then leader of the Ulster Unionist Party (UUP), headed a five person delegation which held a meeting with Bertie Ahern, then Taoiseach (Irish Prime Minister), in London. The meeting was described as positive by both sides.

Saturday 20 November 1999

Peter Mandelson, then Secretary of State for Northern Ireland, gave a speech about political developments to the annual conference of the Northern Ireland Women’s Coalition (NIWC).

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Remembering all innocent victims of the Troubles

Today is the anniversary of the death of the following  people killed as a results of the conflict in Northern Ireland

“To live in hearts we leave behind is not to die

– Thomas Campbell

To the innocent on the list – Your memory will live  forever

– To  the Paramilitaries  –

There are many things worth living for, a few things worth dying for, but nothing worth killing for.

10 People lost their lives on the 20th November between 1972 – 1983

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20 November 1972


William Clarke,  (41)

Protestant
Status: Civilian (Civ),

Killed by: Ulster Defence Association (UDA)
Taxi driver. Died three weeks after being shot by passenger, Forthriver Road, Glencairn, Belfast. Assumed to be a Catholic.

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20 November 1972


William Watson,  (28)

nfNI
Status: British Army (BA),

Killed by: Irish Republican Army (IRA)
Killed by booby trap bomb in derelict house, Cullyhanna, County Armagh.

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20 November 1972


James Strothers,   (31)

nfNI
Status: British Army (BA), K

illed by: Irish Republican Army (IRA)
Killed by booby trap bomb in derelict house, Cullyhanna, County Armagh.

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20 November 1974
Kevin Regan,   (26) Catholic
Status: Civilian (Civ),

Killed by: Ulster Volunteer Force (UVF)
Died five days after being shot during gun attack on Maguire’s Bar, Lower Cross Street, Larne, County Antrim.

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20 November 1974


Robert Forde,   (29)

Protestant
Status: Royal Ulster Constabulary (RUC),

Killed by: Irish Republican Army (IRA)
Killed by booby trap bomb hidden under pathway, Rathmore, Craigavon, County Armagh

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20 November 1974


Patrick Falls,   (49)

Catholic
Status: Civilian (Civ),

Killed by: Ulster Volunteer Force (UVF)
Shot during gun attack on Falls Bar, Aughamullan, near Coalisland, County Tyrone.

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20 November 1982


Michael Fay,  (25)

Catholic
Status: Civilian (Civ),

Killed by: Protestant Action Force (PAF)
Found shot in his car, Mount Regan Avenue, Dundonald, Belfast.

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20 November 1983


David Wilson,  (44)

Protestant
Status: Civilian (Civ),

Killed by: Catholic Reaction Force (CRF)
Shot in the entrance hall to Mountain Lodge Pentecostal Church, Darkley, near Keady, County Armagh.

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20 November 1983


Harold Brown,   (59)

Protestant
Status: Civilian (Civ),

Killed by: Catholic Reaction Force (CRF)
Shot in the entrance hall to Mountain Lodge Pentecostal Church, Darkley, near Keady, County Armagh.

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20 November 1983


Victor Cunningham,  (39)

Protestant
Status: Civilian (Civ), K

illed by: Catholic Reaction Force (CRF)
Shot in the entrance hall to Mountain Lodge Pentecostal Church, Darkley, near Keady, County Armagh.

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