On this day.12th July

On this day in 1963

The Moors Murderers begin their killing spree

Sixteen-year-old Pauline Reade isabducted while onher way to a dance nearher home in Gorton, England, by Ian Brady and Myra Hindley, the so-called “Moors Murderers,” launching a crime spree that will last for over two years. Reade’s body was not discovered until 1987, after Brady confessed to the murder during an interview with reporters while in a mental hospital. The teenager had been sexually assaulted and her throat had been slashed.

Brady and Hindley met in Manchester in 1961. The shy girl quickly became infatuated with Brady, a self-styled Nazi, who had a substantial library of Nazi literature and an obsession with sadistic sex. After photographing Hindley in obscene positions, Brady sold his amateur pornography to the public.

In order to satisfy their sadistic impulses, Brady and Hindley began abducting and killing young men and women. After Pauline Reade, they kidnapped 12-year-old John Kilbride in November and Keith Bennett, also 12, in June the next year. The day after Christmas in 1964, Leslie Ann Downey, a 10-year-old from Manchester, was abducted.

In 1965, the couplekilled a 17-year-old boy with a hatchet in front of Hindley’s brother-in-law, David Smith, perhaps in an attempt to recruit him for future murders. This apparently crossed the line for Smith, who then went to the police.

Inside Brady’s apartment, police found luggage tickets that led them to two suitcases in Manchester Central Station. They contained photos of Leslie Ann Downey being tortured along with audiotapes of her pleading for her life. Other photos depicted Hindley and Brady in a desolate area of England known as Saddleworth Moor. There, police found the body of John Kilbride.

The Moors Murderers were convicted and sentenced to life in prison in 1966. Their notoriety continued after it was revealed that a guard at Holloway women’s prison had fallen for Hindley and had an affair with her. For his part, Brady continued to confess to other murders, but police have been unable to confirm the validity of his confessions.

Also on this day in:

526 St Felix IV begins his reign as Catholic Pope
1109 Crusaders capture Syria’s harbor city of Tripoli
1191 English King Richard I / the Lionheart & Crusaders defeat Saracens in Palestine
1290 Jews are expelled from England by order of King Edward I
1442 King Alfonso V of Aragon becomes king of Naples
1537 Battle of Albancay: Diego de Almagro defeated by army led by Alonso de Alvarado on behalf of Francisco Pizarro
1542 French troops under Maarten van Rossem occupies Flanders
1549 Kett’s uprising occupies Norwich, England
1580 Ostrog Bible, the first printed Bible in a Slavic language, is published.
1627 English fleet under George Villiers lands on the Rhe [NS=June 22]
1630 New Amsterdam’s governor buys Gull Island from Indians for cargo, renames it Oyster Island, it is later known as Ellis Island
1679 Britain’s King Charles II ratifies Habeas Corpus Act allowing prisoners right to be imprisoned to be examined
1690 Battle of Boyne in Ireland, Protestant King William III defeats English Catholic King James II
King Charles II

The Battle of the Boyne (Irish: Cath na Bóinne IPA: [ˈkah n̪ˠə ˈbˠoːn̪ʲə]) was a battle in 1690 between the English James II and the Dutch William of Orange, who, with his wife, Mary II (his cousin and James’ daughter), had overthrown James in England in 1688. The battle took place across the River Boyne near the town of Drogheda on the east coast of Ireland, and resulted in a victory for William. This turned the tide in James’s failed attempt to regain the British crown and ultimately aided in ensuring the continued Protestant ascendancy in Ireland.

The battle took place on 1 July 1690 in the old style (Julian) calendar. This was equivalent to 11 July in the new style (Gregorian) calendar, although today its commemoration is held on 12 July,[1] on which the decisive Battle of Aughrim was fought a year later. William’s forces defeated James’s army, which consisted mostly of raw recruits. The symbolic importance of this battle has made it one of the best-known battles in the history of the British Isles and a key part of the folklore of the Orange Order. Its commemoration today is principally by the Protestant Orange Institution.

The Background[edit]

The battle was the decisive encounter in a war that was primarily about James’s attempt to regain the thrones of England and Scotland, resulting from the Immortal Seven’s invitation to James’s daughter and William’s wife, Mary, to take the throne. It is regarded as a crucial moment in the struggle between Irish Protestant and Catholic interests.

The previous year William had sent the Duke of Schomberg to take charge of the Irish campaign. He was a 75-year-old professional soldier who had accompanied the King during the glorious revolution. Under his command affairs had remained static and very little had been accomplished, partly because the English troops, unaccustomed to the climate, suffered severely from fever. William, dissatisfied with the general apathy of affairs in Ireland, had decided to take charge in person.

In an Irish context, however, the war was a sectarian and ethnic conflict, in many ways a re-run of the Irish Confederate Wars of 50 years earlier. For the Jacobites, the war was fought for Irish sovereignty, religious toleration for Catholicism, and land ownership. The Catholic upper classes had lost almost all their lands after Cromwell’s conquest, as well as the right to hold public office, practice their religion, and sit in the Irish Parliament. They saw the Catholic King James as a means of redressing these grievances and securing the autonomy of Ireland from England. To these ends, under Richard Talbot, 1st Earl of Tyrconnel, they had raised an army to restore James after the Glorious Revolution. By 1690, they controlled all of Ireland except for the province of Ulster. Most of James II’s troops at the Boyne were Irish Catholics.

The majority of Irish people were “Jacobites” and supported James II due to his 1687 Declaration of Indulgence or, as it is also known, The Declaration for the Liberty of Conscience, that granted religious freedom to all denominations in England and Scotland and also due to James II’s promise to the Irish Parliament of an eventual right to self-determination.[2][3]

Conversely, for the Williamites, the war was about maintaining Protestant and English rule in Ireland. They feared for their lives and their property if James and his Catholic supporters were to rule Ireland, nor did they trust the promise of toleration, seeing the Declaration of Indulgence as a ploy to re-establish Catholicism as the sole State religion. In particular, they dreaded a repeat of the Irish Rebellion of 1641, which had been marked by widespread killings. For these reasons, Protestants fought en masse for William of Orange. Many Williamite troops at the Boyne, including their very effective irregular cavalry, were Protestants from Ulster, who called themselves “Inniskillingers” and were referred to by contemporaries as “Scots-Irish“.

Ironically, historian Derek Brown notes that if the battle is seen as part of the War of the Grand Alliance, Pope Alexander VIII was an ally of William and an enemy to James; the Papal States were part of the Grand Alliance with a shared hostility to the catholic Louis XIV of France, who at the time was attempting to establish dominance in Europe and to whom James was an ally.[4]

King Charles II 1691 Antonio Pignatelli elected as Pope Innocentius XII
1691 – Battle of Aughrim (Aghrim) Ireland, William III beats James II
1700 Gelderland accepts Gregorian calendar; yesterday is June 30, 1700
1704 Stanislaw Leszcynski becomes king of part of Poland
1730 Lorenzo Corsini chosen as Pope Clemens XII
1745 Warship Elisabeth joins Bonnie Prince Charlie’s frigate Doutelle [NS]
1771 James Cook sails Endeavour back to Downs England

Penn, pass a declaration of independence
1774 – Cossack leader Emilian Pugachevs army occupies Kazan
1776 Captain Cook departs with Resolution for 3rd trip to Pacific Ocean
1785 1st manned flight by gas balloon in Netherlands
1801 Battle at Algeciras: British fleet beats French & Spanish
1st US Secretary of Treasury Alexander Hamilton

1st US Secretary of Treasury Alexander Hamilton 1804 Former United States Secretary of the Treasury Alexander Hamilton dies after being shot in a duel.
1812 US forces led by Gen Hull invade Canada (War of 1812)
1817 1st flower show held (Dannybrook, County Cork, Ireland)
1817 – Karl Drais von Sauerbronn demonstrates bicycle course
1843 Mormon leader Joseph Smith says God allows polygamy
1850 Dutch 2nd Chamber accepts establishment of Provincial States
1859 Paper bag manufacturing machine patents by William Goodale, Mass
1862 Congress authorizes Medal of Honor
1862 – Federal troops occupy Helena Arkansas
1863 In New Zealand, British forces invade Waikato, home of the Maori King Movement, beginning a new phase of the wars between Maori and Colonial British
1874 Ontario Agricultural College founded
1874 – Start of Sherlock Holmes Adventure “Gloria Scott” (BG)
Religious Leader Joseph Smith Jr

Religious Leader Joseph Smith Jr 1878 Fever epidemic in New Orleans begin, it will kill 4,500
1882 1st ocean pier in US completed, Washington, DC
1898 Jean-Baptiste Marchand hoists French flag in Fashoda Sudan
1900 114°F (46°C), Basin, Wyoming (state record)
1901 Cy Young wins his 300th game
1901 – Striking Canadian salmon fishermen on the Pacific coast, resentful of the nonunion Japanese who continue to fish, maroon and imprison 47
1901 – In Germany a group of 104 aristocrats present a deceleration against dueling, though the tradition will go on
1902 Australian parliament agrees to female suffrage
1902 – Arthur Balfour succeeds Lord Salisbury, who retired as Prime Minister on 11 July
1905 The British and Japanese renew their alliance (of January 1902)for 10 years and agree to provide mutual support if attacked by other power
MLB Pitcher Cy Young

MLB Pitcher Cy Young 1906 Alfred Dreyfus found innocent in France
1909 16th Amendment approved (power to tax incomes)
1912 1st foreign feature film exhibited in US-“Queen Elizabeth”-NYC
1913 150,000 Ulstermen gather and resolve to resist Irish Home Rule by force of arms; since the British Liberals have promised the Irish nationalists Home Rule, civil war appears imminent
1917 The Bisbee Deportation occurs as vigilantes kidnap and deport nearly 1,300 striking miners and others from Bisbee, Arizona.
1918 Japanese battleship explodes in Bay of Tokayama, 500 killed
1920 Lithuania & USSR sign peace treaty, Lithuania becomes independent republic
1921 Babe Ruth sets record of 137 career home runs
1921 – Indians (9) & Yankees (7) combine for an AL record 16 doubles
Baseball Legend Babe Ruth

Baseball Legend Babe Ruth 1926 Guomindangleger draws against warlord Wu Peifu
1926 – Paavo Nurmi walks world record 4x1500m (16:26.2)
1927 Babe Ruth hits 30th of 60 HRs
1928 1st televised tennis match
1930 34th US Golf Open: Robert T “Bobby” Jones wins
1930 – Bradman out for 334 in Test Cricket at Headingley, 383 mins, 46 fours
1931 45,715 fans in 35,000 seat Sportsman Park St Louis, help cause many ground ruled doubles, 11 in 1st game & 21 in 2nd game for 32
1932 Hedley Verity establishes a first-class cricket record by taking all ten wickets for only ten runs against Nottinghamshire on a pitch affected by a storm
1933 Congress passes 1st minimum wage law (33 cents per hour)
1934 US Disciplinary Barracks on Alcatraz Island abandoned
Cricket Legend Donald Bradman

Cricket Legend Donald Bradman 1934 – Willy de Supervise swims world record 400m (5:16.0)
1935 Belgium recognizes Soviet Union
1937 -13) Tupolev ANT-25 non-stop flight Moscow to San Jacinto Calif
1943 Battle of Kolombangara (2nd battle of Gulf of Kula)
1943 – National Committee Freies Deutschland forms
1943 – Pope Pius XII receives German ambassador baron von Weizsacker
1943 – Russian offensive at Orel
1943 – WWII: Battle of Prokhorovka – Russians defeat German forces in one of the largest ever tank battles
1944 Theresienstadt Family camp disbands, with 4,000 people gased
1944 – US government recognizes authority of General De Gaulle
1945 Cubs stop Braves Tommy Holmes modern-day NL hitting streak at 37 games
1946 Benjamin Britten’s “Rape of Lucretia” premieres in Glyndebourne
1946 – Vance Dinges hits only Phillie pinch hit inside-the-park HR
1948 1st jets to fly across Atlantic (6 RAF de Havilland Vampires)
1949 16th All Star Baseball Game: AL wins 11-7 at Ebbets Field, Brooklyn
1949 – Baseball owners agree to erect warning paths before each fence
1949 – Dutch KLM Constellation crashes near Bombay, 45 die
1949 – LA Rams sign Norm Van Brocklin
1950 ILTF re-admit Germany & Japan in Davis Cup, Poland & Hungary withdraws
1950 – Hague Council of Annulment convicts German war criminals W Lages, FH Van de Funten & F Fischer to death
1951 Mob tries to keep black family from moving into all-white Cicero Ill
1951 – NY Yankees Allie Reynolds no-hits Cleve Indians, 8-0
1952 East German SED decides to form German DR army
1953 KTVB TV channel 7 in Boise, ID (NBC/ABC) begins broadcasting
1954 Major League Baseball Players Association founded
34th US President & WWII General Dwight D. Eisenhower

34th US President & WWII General Dwight D. Eisenhower 1954 – President Eisenhower put forward a plan for an interstate highway system
1954 – ANC President Albert Luthuli banned by South African Minister of Justice from attending public gatherings and confined to the magisterial district of Lower Tugela, Natal
1955 22nd All Star Baseball Game: NL wins 6-5 in 12 at County Stad, Milw
1955 – Christian Democratic Party forms in Argentina
1957 1st President to fly in helicopter-Dwight Eisenhower
1957 – US Surgeon Gen Leroy Burney connects smoking with lung cancer
1958 “Li’l Abner” closes at St James Theater NYC after 693 performances
1958 – US performs atmospheric nuclear test at Bikini Island
1959 NBC uses cameras to show catchers signals during ankee-Red Sox game

1960 Congo, Chad & Central African Republic declare independence
1960 – Echo I, 1st passive satellite launched
1960 – Joyce Ziske wins LPGA Hoosier Celebrity Golf Tournament
1960 – USSR’s Sputnik 5 launched with 2 dogs
1960 – XEWT TV channel 12 in Tijuana-San Diego, CA (IND) begins broadcasting
1960 – Orlyonok, the main Young Pioneer camp of the Russian SFSR, is founded.
1962 1st time 2 manned crafts in space (USSR)
1962 – Rolling Stones 1st performance (Marquee Club, London)
1964 19th US Women’s Open Golf Championship won by Mickey Wright
1966 10.51″ (26.70 cm) of rainfall, Sandusky Ohio (state record)
1966 – 37th All Star Baseball Game: NL wins 2-1 in 10 at Busch Stad, St Louis
1966 – All star MVP: Brooks Robinson (Balt Orioles)
1966 – Race riot in Chicago
1966 – US Treasury announces it will buy mutilated silver coins at silver bullion price at Philadelphia & Denver mints
1967 23 die in Newark race riot
LPGA Golfer Mickey Wright

LPGA Golfer Mickey Wright 1967 – 5th Mayor’s Trophy Game, Mets beat Yanks 4-0
1967 – Blacks in Newark, riot, 26 killed, 1500 injured & over 1000 arrested
1967 – Greek regime deprives 480 Greeks of their citizenship
1968 Couve de Murville forms government in France
1968 – USSR performs nuclear test at Eastern Kazakh/Semipalitinsk USSR
1969 98th British Golf Open: Tony Jacklin shoots a 280 at Royal Lytham
1969 – As the ‘marching season’ reaches its height there is serious rioting in Derry, Belfast and Dungiven; many familles in Belfast are forced to move from their homes
1970 Thor Heyerdahl crosses Atlantic on raft Ra II, arrives in Barbados from Morocco in 57 days
1970 – 99th British Golf Open: Jack Nicklaus shoots a 283 at St Andrews
1970 – Blues-Rock singer Janis Joplin debuts in Kentucky
Singer Janis Joplin

Singer Janis Joplin 1970 – Tanzania signs contract with China for building Tanzam-railway
1971 Juan Corona, indicted for 25 murders
1972 Democrats nominated George McGovern for president in Miami Fla
1972 – Twelve years after the banning of the ANC and Pan Africanist Congress, a new political movement, the Black People Convention is formed after a three day long conference in Pietermaritzburg, South Africa
1973 A fire destroys the entire 6th floor of the National Personnel Records Center of the United States.
1974 John Ehrlichman convicted of violating Daniel Ellsberg’s rights
1975 104th British Golf Open: Tom Watson shoots a 279 at Carnoustie
1975 – Bob Taylor catches 7 in an innings, Derbyshire v Yorkshire
1975 – Sao Tomé e Príncipe gains independence from Portugal (Natl Day)
1976 Ian Dury & Kilburns disband
Golfer Tom Watson

Golfer Tom Watson 1977 John Edrich scores his 100th 100, Surrey v Derbyshire at The Oval
1978 Sun Bank Building opens
1978 – US performs nuclear test at Nevada Test Site
1979 Ian Palce joins Whitesnake
1979 – Kiribati (formerly Gilbert Islands) declares independence from UK
1979 – “Disco Demolition Night” at Comiskey Park, causes fans to go wild & causes White Sox to forfeit 2nd game of a doubleheader to Tigers
1981 Debbie Austin wins LPGA Mayflower Golf Classic
1982 Britain announces it is returning 593 Argentine POWs
1982 – FEMA promises survivors of a nuclear war will get their mail
1983 Chad government troops reconquer Abéché
1984 Geraldine Ferraro, NY becomes 1st woman major-party VP candidate
1984 – A car bomb set off by the military wing of the ANC, explodes in Durban South Africa killing 5 and injuring 27 people
1985 “Singin’ in the Rain” opens at Gershwin Theater NYC for 367 perfs
US President & Actor Ronald Reagan

US President & Actor Ronald Reagan 1985 – Doctors discover a cancerous growth in President Reagan‘s colon
1985 – STS 51-F launch scrubbed at T -3s because of main engine shutdown
1987 15th du Maurier Golf Classic: Jody Rosenthal
1987 – 1st time in 20 years a delegation from USSR lands in Israel
1987 – 50 white South Africans meets ANCers in Dakar
1987 – 8th US Seniors Golf Open: Gary Player
1987 – Phillies Kent Tekulve pitches his 900th game in relief
1988 59th All Star Baseball Game: AL wins 2-1 at Riverfront Stadium, Cin
1988 – All star MVP: Terry Steinbach (Oakland A’s)
1988 – Margo Adams alleges Red Sox Wade Bogg’s had an affair with her
1988 – USSR launches Phobos II for Martian orbit
1989 NY Yankee pitching great Ron Guidry retires (170-91 .651, 3.29 ERA)
1990 “Les Miserables,” opens at National Theatre, Washington
1990 – Boris Yeltsin quits Soviet Communist Party
Russian President Boris Yeltsin

Russian President Boris Yeltsin 1990 – Chicago White Sox Melido Perez no-hits Yankees 8-0 in a rain shortened 6 inning game at Yankee Stadium (7th no-hitter of 1990)
1990 – In Soweto, South Africa, Shanty town women strip to the waist and confront bulldozers sent by authorities to demolish their homes
1992 13th US Seniors Golf Open: Larry Laoretti
1992 – Axl Rose arrested on riot charges in St Louis of Jul 2, 1991 concert
1992 – Betsy King wins LPGA Phar-Mor in Youngstown Golf Tournament
1993 7.8 earthquake hits Hokkaido Japan, 160 killed
1993 – Andrew Lloyd Webber‘s musical “Sunset Promenade” opens in London
1993 – Don Imus begins broadcasting to Boston on WEEI (590 AM)
1994 65th All Star Baseball Game: AL wins 7-8 at 3 Rivers Stad, Pitts
1994 – All star MVP: Fred McGriff (Atlanta Braves)
1994 – Nomination hearings for Steven Breyer for supreme court justice begins
1995 Enrique Iglesias releases his first album, “Enrique Iglesias”
MLB Center Fielder Kirby Puckett

MLB Center Fielder Kirby Puckett 1996 Kirby Puckett retires from Minnesota Twins
1996 – Michael Jordan signs a NBA contract for 1 year for $25 million
1996 – Start of 1st “Super 8’s” tournament in Kuala Lumpur
1997 Cubs play in their 5,000th consecutive gane with out being no-hit
1997 – Pirates Francisco Cordova & Ricardo Rincon no-hit Astros 3-0 in 10 inn
1998 FIFA World Cup: France beats Brazil 3-0 for football’s 16th World Cup in Saint-Denis (France’s 1st title)
1998 – Pres. Nelson Mandela accompanies Queen Elizabeth II on a coach drive through the streets of London
2005 76th All Star Baseball Game: AL wins 7-5 at Comerica Park, Detroit
2006 Hezbollah initiates Operation True Promise.
2011 82nd All Star Baseball Game: NL wins 5-1 at Chase Field, Phoenix
2012 200 people are killed by the Syrian army in Tremseh
2012 – 90-155 people are killed after an oil tanker crashes and explodes in Okogbe, Rivers State, Nigeria
Anti-apartheid activist and South African President Nelson Mandela

Anti-apartheid activist and South African President Nelson Mandela 2013 8 people are killed after a commuter train derails in Paris
2013 – Malala Yousafzai addresses the United Nations and calls for worldwide access to education
2015 Dancing with the Stars pro dancer Lindsay Arnold (21) weds highschool sweetheart Samuel Lightner Cusick in Salt Lake City

Famous Birthdays

Birthdays 1 – 100 of 202

1394 Ashikaga Yoshinori, Japanese shogun (d. 1441)
1644 Arnold Moonen, Dutch vicar/literature (David’s holy saint graduals)
1675 Evaristo E Felice dall’ Abaco, Italian cellist/composer
1730 Josiah Wedgwood, England, pottery designer/manufacturer (Wedgwood)
1757 Christian Danner, composer
1794 Heinrich Christian Pander, Russian zoologist
1801 John Hill Hewitt, composer
1802 Charles-Louis Hanssens, composer
1803 Peter Chanel, French priest and saint (d. 1841)
1807 Silas Casey, Major General (Union volunteers), (d. 1882)
Naturalist/Pacifist Henry David Thoreau

Naturalist/Pacifist Henry David Thoreau (1817) 1817 Henry David Thoreau, Concord Mass, naturalist/pacifist (Walden Pond), (d. 1862)
1821 Cesare Dominiceti, composer
1821 – Daniel Harvey Hill, Lt Gen (Confederate Army), (d. 1889)
1824 Eugène Boudin, French painter (d. 1898)
1828 Nikolai Chernyshevsky, Russian philosopher (d. 1889)
1840 Abraham Goldfaden, Eastern European Yiddish dramatist
1849 William Osler, Canada, physician/author (circulatory system)
1850 Otto Schoetensack, German anthropologist (d. 1912)
1852 Hipólito Yrigoyen, Buenos Aires, President of Argentina (1916-22, 1928-30) (d. 1933)
1854 George Eastman, Waterville New York, inventor (Kodak camera)
1861 Anton Stepanovich Arensky, composer
1863 Albert Calmette, French physician (d. 1933)
Founder of the Eastman Kodak Company George Eastman

Founder of the Eastman Kodak Company George Eastman (1854) 1863 – Paul Karl Ludwig Drude, German physicist (d. 1906)
1864 George Washington Carver, botanist (studied the peanut) [or Jan 10]
1868 Stefan George, Germany, lyric poet (Algabal)
1870 Louis II of Monaco (d. 1949)
1876 Max Jacob, French poet (d. 1944)
1880 Tod Browning, American film director (d. 1962)
1881 Ludwig Rubiner, writer [or June 12]
1884 Louis B. Mayer, Dymer, Ukraine, American film producer and creator of the star system (MGM)
1884 – Amedeo Modigliani, Italy, painter/sculptor (Reclining Nude)
1884 – Joseph Crehan, actor (Charlie Chan-Meeting at Midnight), born in Baltimore, Maryland
1885 George Sainton Kaye Butterworth, composer
1886 Jean Hersholt, Copenhagen Denmark, actor (Men in White, Aryan)
1888 Tojohiko Kagawa, Japan, Christian-social reformer (Grain of Wheat)
1892 Bruno Schulz, Polish writer and painter (d. 1942)
1895 Kirsten Flagstad, Norwegian soprano (Wagner)
1895 – Oscar Hammerstein II, lyricist who worked with Richard Rodgers, born in NYC, New York
1895 – R Buckminster Fuller, architect/inventor (geodesic dome)
1900 Fjodor Godunov-Tcherdynchev, Russian poet (Life of Tchernyshevsky)
1901 Robert Allenby, Australian golfer, born in Melbourne, Victoria
1902 Gunther Anders, writer
Poet Pablo Neruda

Poet Pablo Neruda (1904) 1904 Pablo Neruda, Chile, poet (Residence on Earth-Nobel 1971)
1905 John C F, son of English King George V
1908 Alain Cuny, actor (Detective, Weite Land, Emmanuelle)
1908 – Ernest Burnelle, Belgian politician
1908 – Johan Franco, composer
1908 – Milton Berle, Harlem comedian (Uncle Miltie, Mr Television), born in NYC, New York
1909 2nd viscount Camrose, British Conserv Lower house leader (1941-45)
1909 – Joey Faye, comedian (Joey Faye’s Follies), born in NYC, New York
1909 – Souphanouvong, [Red Prince], president of Laos (1975-87)
1909 – Curly Joe DeRita, American actor and comedian (d. 1993)
1909 – Fritz Leonhardt, German civil engineer (d. 1999)
1911 Johanna Moosdorf, writer
1912 Broderick Vernon Chinnery-Haldane, photographer
1913 Willis Lamb, American physicist, Nobel laureate (d. 2008)
1915 Michael Fenton Haddon, mining engineer
1917 Andrew Wyeth, Chadds Ford Pa, painter (Christina’s World)
1919 Vera Hruba Ralston, Prague Czech, actress (Dajkota) [or 6/12/1921]
1920 Honoré Desmond Sharrer, West Point New York, American artist
1920 – Keith Andes, Ocean City NJ, actor (Farmer’s Daughter, Away All Boats)
1920 – Paul Foster, singer
1920 – Beah Richards, American actress (d. 2000)
Author Pierre Berton

Author Pierre Berton (1920) 1920 – Pierre Berton, Whitehorse Yukon, Canadian author (War of 1812)
1921 Trevor Illtyd Williams, scientific writer
1921 – Bob Fillion, French Canadian ice hockey player
1922 Clark MacGregor, politician (involved in Watergate)
1922 – James E[dwin] Gunn, US, sci-fi author (Station in Space, Immortal)
1922 – Mark O Hatfield, (Sen-R Oregon, 1967- )
1924 Jaap Geraedts, composer
1925 Roger Smith, CEO (General Motors)
1926 Beah Richards, Vicksburg MS, actress/playwright (Big Shot, Generation)
1927 Gualberto T Hernandez, perfect minister Neth Antilles
1928 Elias James Corey, American chemist, Nobel laureate
1929 Pavle Merku, composer
1930 Gordon Pinsent, Canadian actor, director, and writer
1931 Andre Laporte, Flemish composer
1931 – Bob Traxler, (Rep-D-MI, 1974- )
1931 – Lord Clinton, English large landowner/multi-millionaire
1932 Harold William Woolhouse, plant scientist
1932 – Otis Crandell Davis, Ala, 400m/4X400m relayer (Olympic-gold-1960)
1933 Donald E. Westlake, American author
1934 Van Cliburn Jr, [Harvey Lavan], La, pianist (Tchaikovsky 1958)
1935 Barrie Wilson, academic
1935 – Chris Burger, cricketer (South African batsman v Australia 1957-58)
1936 Jan Nemec, Prague Czech, director (Diamonds of the Night)
Actor/Comedian Bill Cosby

Actor/Comedian Bill Cosby (1937) 1937 Bill Cosby, Phila, actor/comedian (I Spy, Cosby, Leonard Part 6)
1937 – Mickey Edwards, (Rep-R-OK, 1977- )
1937 – Lionel Jospin, Prime Minister of France 1997-2002
1937 – Michel Louvain, French Canadian singer
1938 Mickey Stratton, Meriden Ct, softball catcher (Hall of Fame 1969)
1938 – Ron Fairly, American baseball player
1938 – Wieger Mensonides, Dutch swimmer
1938 – Eiko Ishioka, Tokyo, Japan, Costume Designer (Academy Award, Bram Stoker’s Dracula), (d. 2012)
1939 Phillip Adams, Australian broadcaster and journalist
1941 Joseph Whipp, American actor
1942 Richard Stoltzman, clarinetist (Tashi), born in Omaha, Nebraska
1942 – Billy Smith, Australian rugby league footballer
1943 Bruce Taylor, cricketer (big-hitting NZ all-rounder 1965-73)
Rock vocalist Christine McVie

Rock vocalist Christine McVie (1943) 1943 – Christine McVie, Lancashire, rock vocalist (Fleetwood Mac-Got A Hold on Me)

Famous Weddings

Weddings 1 – 9 of 9

1472 Richard Plantagenet, Duke of Gloucester and later King of England, marries Anne Neville, daughter of the Earl of Warwick, in Westminster Abbey.
King of England Henry VIII

King of England Henry VIII (1543) 1543 England’s King Henry VIII weds Catherine Parr (6th & last wife)
1918 Artist Pablo Picasso (36) marries ballet dancer Olga Khokhlova (27)
1933 Fifth Greatest Male Star of All Time Fred Astaire (34) weds socialite Phyllis Livingston Potter (25)
1937 Explorer Jacques Cousteau (27) weds scuba diver Simone Melchior (18) at Saint-Louis-des-Invalides in Paris
1963 NFL coach Jimmy Johnson (19) weds Linda Kay Cooper
1998 “Dynasty” actress Catherine Oxenberg (36) weds “Chinatown” film producer Robert Evans (68) in Beverly Hills, California
2007 World’s tallest man who measures 7’9″ Bao Xishun (56) weds Xia Shujian (28) in a traditional Mongolian ceremony at the tomb of Kublai Khan in Beijing, China
2008 Black Eyed Peas rapper Taboo (32) weds fashion publicist Jaymie Dizon (29) at St. Andrews Catholic Church in Pasadena, California

Famous Deaths

Deaths 1 – 100 of 102

783 Bertha “with the great feet”, wife of French King Pippin III, dies
1073 Johannes Gualbertus, Italian monk/saint, dies
1429 John [Jean C] Gerson, Fren theologist (Theologica mystic), dies at 65
1441 Ashikaga Yoshinori, Japanese shogun (b. 1394)
1450 Jack Cade, slain in a revolt against British King Henry VI
1536 Desiderius Erasmus, humanist/priest (Novum instrumentum omne), dies aged 69
1545 Maria Manuela van Portugal, niece of Spanish king Philip II, dies
Humanist and Theologian Erasmus

Humanist and Theologian Erasmus (1536) 1575 Renée/Renata de France, duchess of Ferara/daughter of Louis XII, dies
1584 Steven Borough, English explorer (b. 1525)
1633 Simon Besler, composer, dies at 49
1640 Henry Casimir I, count of Nassau-Dietz, dies
1664 Stefano della Bella, Italian printmaker (b. 1610)
1682 Jean Picard, French astronomer (b. 1620)
1693 John Ashby, English admiral
1712 Richard Cromwell, English Lord Protector (1658-59), dies at 85
1742 Evaristo EF dall’ Abaco, Ital cellist/composer, dies on 67th birthday
1749 Charles de la Boische, Marquis de Beauharnois, Governor of New France
1773 Johann Joachim Quantz, German royal flautist/composer, dies at 76
1804 Alexander Hamilton, Secretary of the Treasury, killed by Vice President Aaron Burr in pistol duel near Weehawken
1839 Christian Traugott Tag, composer, dies at 62
1st US Secretary of Treasury Alexander Hamilton

1st US Secretary of Treasury Alexander Hamilton (1804) 1844 Charles-Louis Panckoucke, French publisher, dies at 63
1845 Henrik Wergeland, Norwegian author (b. 1808)
1849 Dolley Madison, 4th First Lady Of The United States (b. 1768)
1874 Fritz Reuter, writer, dies at 63
1882 Alfred Humphreys Pease, composer, dies at 44
1883 Hermann Zopff, composer, dies at 57
1897 Felix Godefroid, composer, dies at 78
1898 Paul Voulet, French captain/mass murderer in Senegal, dies
1899 Esquire Mauritius A de Savornin Lohman, gov of Suriname, dies at 67
1902 Pieter Caland, Dutch hydraulic engineer (New Waterway), dies at 74
1906 Henrique Alves de Mesquita, composer, dies at 70
1910 Charles Stewart Rolls, British engineer and aviator (b. 1887)
1916 Aritius S Talma, Dutch minister of Agriculture, dies at 52
1917 Fournier, Swiss/French postage stamp merchant/forger, dies
1918 Dragutin Lerman, Croatian explorer (b. 1864)
1926 Charles Wood, composer, dies at 40
1929 Robert Henri, US painter (The Eight), dies at 63
1933 Willem H Drucker, lawyer, dies at 45
1934 Ole Evinrude, Norwegian-American inventor and industrialist (b. 1877)
1935 Alfred Dreyfus, French officier (Dreyfus Affair), dies
1945 Boris Galerkin, Russian mathematician (b. 1871)
1947 Jimmie Lunceford, American saxophonist and bandleader (b. 1902)
1949 Douglas Hyde, first President of Ireland (b. 1860)
1950 Elsie de Wolfe, American socialite and interior decorator (b. 1865)
1953 Joseph Jongen, Belgian composer, dies at 79
1953 – Marie-Alphonse-Nicolas-Joseph Jongen, composer, dies at 79
1956 Maurice Lippens, Belgian governor of Congo (1921-23), dies at 80
1961 Mazo de la Roche, Canadian author (b. 1879)
1962 Roger Wolfe Kahn, American band leader (b. 1907)
1964 William Solomon, South African cricketer (Test 1898-99), dies
1966 D T Suzuki, Zen Buddhism scholar, dies in Tokyo Japan at 96
1971 Yvon Robert, French Canadian professional wrestler (b. 1914)
1973 Lon Chaney Jr, actor (Wolfman), dies after long illness at 66
1976 Ted Mack, TV host (Original Amateur Hour), dies at 72
1977 Ed Holmes, actor (Growing Paynes, Once Upon a Tune), dies at 66
1977 – Frantisek Suchy, composer, dies at 75
1979 Kalervo Tuukkanen, composer, dies at 69
1979 – Minnie Ripperton, [Andrea Davis], singer (Lovin’ You), dies at 30
1980 John W Davis, Pres (WV State college), dies at 92
1981 Ben Seijes, historian (WW II), dies at 73
1982 Kenneth More, Brit actor (Genevieve), dies of Parkinson disease at 67
1983 Chris Wood, rocker (Traffic), dies at 39
1988 Joshua Logan, Broadway producer, dies at 79 of palsy
1988 – Raymond W Goldsmith, US economist, dies at 83
1990 Richard R Briggs, dies after short illness at 71
1990 – João Saldanha, Brazilian journalist and football manager (b. 1917)
1992 Albert Pierrepont, last British executioner (433 men/17 women), dies
1992 – Reginald Beck, English film editor (Robbery, Accident, Boom), dies
1993 Gusti Huber, Mother of Bibi Besch, dies of heart failure at 78
1993 – Lily van Lugt Melsert, actress (Tomorrow will be better), dies at 91
1993 – Dan Eldon, British photojournalist (b. 1970)
1994 David Malcolm Lewis, expert in Greek Epigraphy, dies at 56
1994 – Henk Terlingen, radio/TV-host (Sport in Image), dies at 52
1994 – James Bysse Joll, historian, dies at 76
1995 Alan David Marks, pianist/composer, dies at 49
1995 – Earl Coleman, singer, dies at 69
1995 – Ernie Furtado, bassist, dies at 72
1995 – Michael Clegg, naturalist/broadcaster, dies at 62
1996 Andrew Rodger Waterson, scholar Naturalist, dies at 84
1996 – Gottfried von Einem, composer, dies at 78
1996 – John Boon, publisher, dies at 79
1996 – John Chancellor, news anchor (VOA, NBC), dies at 68
1996 – John William Chancellor, journalist, dies at 68
1996 – Jonathan Melvoin, keyboardist (Smashing Pumpkins), dies of heorin OD
1996 – Nazar Mohammad, cricketer (Pakistan’s 1st five Tests 1952-53), dies
1996 – William Darling, journalist, dies at 73
1998 Serge Lemoyne, French Canadian artist (b. 1941)
1998 – Jimmy Driftwood, American folk songwriter and musician (b. 1907)
1999 Bill Owen, British actor (b. 1914)
2000 Charles Merritt, Canadian Army officer and recipient of the Victoria Cross during World War II (b. 1908)
2002 Edward Lee Howard, CIA Case Officer and alleged Soviet spy, dies at 50 after breaking his neck during a fall
2003 Benny Carter, American musician (b. 1907)
2004 Betty Oliphant, co-founder of National Ballet of Canada (b. 1918)
2005 John King, Baron King of Wartnaby, Chief executive of British Airways since its privitisation (b. 1917)
2007 Stan Zemanek, Australian radio personality (b.1947)
2007 – Mr. Butch, Iconic Boston street figure (b. 1951)
2007 – Robert Burås, Norwegian guitar player (b. 1975)
2008 Tony Snow, former speechwriter for Presidents George H.W. Bush and press secretary for George W. Bush (b. 1955)
2008 – Bobby Murcer, American baseball outfielder (NY Yankees, SF Giants and Chicago Cubs), dies from complications related to brain cancer at 62
2010 Harvey Pekar, American comic book writer (b. 1939)


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