Tag Archives: James Brown

28th April – Deaths & Events in Northern Ireland Troubles

Key Events & Deaths on this day in Northern Ireland Troubles

                                                                                           28th April

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Monday 28 April 1969

As he was unable to regain the confidence of the Unionist party Terence O’Neill, then Northern Ireland Prime Minister, resigned to be replaced later by James Chichester-Clark.

Monday 28 April 1975

Liam McMillan (48), then a member of the Official Irish Republican Army (OIRA), was shot dead by the People’s Liberation Army (PLA) in the continuing feud between the OIRA and the INLA.

A Protestant civilian was shot dead by Loyalists in Belfast. His Catholic workmate had been the intended target.

Wednesday 27 April 1977

A series of personal attacks on one another by leading figures such as Enoch Powell, James Molyneaux, and Ian Paisley, illustrated the growing disagreement within unionism on the issue of the planned United Unionist Action Council (UUAC) strike.

Roy Mason, then Secretary of State, announced that the Harland and Wolff shipyard in Belfast was to receive an order worth some £70 million to co

nstruct two liquid gas carriers.

Tuesday 28 April 1981

The private secretary of Pope John Paul II paid a visit to Bobby Sands in the Maze Prison but was unable to persuade him to end his hunger strike.

Humphrey Atkins, then Secretary of State for Northern Ireland, stated that: “If Mr Sands persisted in his wish to commit suicide, that was his choice. The government would not force medical treatment upon him.” In the United States of America (USA) Ronald Reagan, then President of the USA, said that America would not intervene in the situation in Northern Ireland but he was “deeply concerned” at events there.

Thursday 28 April 1988

A Thames Television documentary, Death on the Rock, about the deaths of the three Irish Republican Army (IRA) members in Gilbraltar on 6 March 1988 was screened. Sir Geoffrey Howe, then British Foreign Secretary, unsuccessfully tried to have the programme banned.

gib3 with text

See Operation Flavius

Tuesday 28 April 1992

Philomena Hanna (26), a Catholic civilian, was shot dead by the Ulster Freedom Fighters (UFF), a cover name (pseudonym) used by the Ulster Defence Association (UDA), at her place of work – a chemist shop on the Springfield Road, west Belfast.

[There was widespread condemnation at the killing of a woman whose work meant that she delivered medical supplies to both communities in the area.]

Wednesday 28 April 1993

Ian Paisley, then leader of the Democratic Unionist Party (DUP), said that he would not enter new political talks.

Thursday 28 April 1994

James Brown (47), a Catholic civilian, was shot dead by the Ulster Volunteer Force (UVF) at his shop, Garmoyle Street, Docks, Belfast.

Eric Smyth (40), an ex-member of the Ulster Defence Regiment (UDR), was shot dead by the Irish Republican Army (IRA) outside his home, Salters Grange Road, near Armagh.

Mitchell McLaughlin, then Sinn Féin (SF) chairman, was given a United States visa to allow him into the USA to speak at a conference in Cleveland, Ohio.

The Iranian Chargé d’Affaires was summoned to the Foreign Office, London, to explain claims that the government in Iran was planning to supply the Irish Republican Army (IRA) with arms and money.

Friday 28 April 1995

Catholic Civilian Killed by IRA

Michael Mooney (34), a Catholic civilian, was shot dead while in the ’18 Steps Bar’, Ann Street, Belfast.

[Although no organisation claimed responsibility it was generally believed that the Irish Republican Army (IRA) had carried out the killing. It was alleged that Mooney was involved in drug dealing and this was the reason why he had been shot. A number of other men were killed by the IRA during the year. The Royal Ulster Constabulary (RUC) issued a statement on 20 December 1995 about the killings.]

There was a ceremony in Dublin to commemorate all Irishmen who had died in the two world wars. The ceremony was attended by: John Bruton, then Taoiseach (Irish Prime Minister), Patrick Mayhew, then Secretary of State for Northern Ireland, Ken Maginnis, then Security Spokesman of the Ulster Unionist Party (UUP), and John Alderdice, then leader of the Alliance Party of Northern Ireland (APNI).

Tom Hartley, then Chairman of Sinn Féin (SF), also attended the ceremony.

Sunday 28 April 1996

Michael Ancram, then Political Development minister at the Northern Ireland Office (NIO), said that the Irish Republican Army (IRA) must restore its ceasefire and Sinn Féin (SF) must agree to be bound by the six ‘Mitchell Principles’ before it could join all-party talks.

The Royal Ulster Constabulary (RUC) stopped a group of Orangemen from marching through the lower Ormeau Road in Belfast. This decision led to a two-hour stand-off.

Monday 28 April 1997

A car bomb was planted by Loyalist paramilitaries outside the Falls Road office of Sinn Féin (SF).

The bomb was defused. Irish National Liberation Army (INLA) prisoners at Maghaberry Prison held a prison officer hostage at gunpoint before giving themselves up. The prisoners were protesting at the transfer of Billy Wright, then leader of the Loyalist Volunteer Force (LVF), from Maghaberry to the Maze Prison.

[The INLA killed Wright in the Maze Prison on 27 December 1997.]

Patrick Mayhew, then Secretary of State for Northern Ireland, approved tighter security measures in the Maze Prison following the discovery of an escape tunnel on 24 March 1997.
John Major, then British Prime Minister, paid an election campaign visit to Belfast. Tony Blair, then leader of the Labour Party, called on the Irish Republican Army (IRA) to renew their ceasefire and to agree to the Mitchell principles, and then to “take their place at the talks table”.

Tuesday 28 April 1998

It was confirmed that Chris Patten, a former Governor of Hong Kong, would chair the new Commission on the future role of the Royal Ulster Constabulary (RUC). The Ulster Unionist Party (UUP) had objected to the appointment of an “non British” person to head the Commission.

Wednesday 28 April 1999

A pipe-bomb exploded in the car park of the Ramble Inn, situated on the main Antrim to Ballymena Road. Several cars damaged, but there were no injuries.

The Loyalist paramilitary group the Orange Volunteers (OV) claimed responsibility for the attack.

John Stevens, then Deputy Commissioner of the Metropolitan Police, stated that during one of his earlier investigations of collusion between Loyalists paramilitaries and the security forces had found a connection to the killing of Pat Finucane that had caused him “concern”.
The Northern Ireland (Location of Victims’ Remains) Bill was presented to the House of Commons at Westminster.

[The Bill became law in late May 1999. The first body was recovered on 28 May 1999.]

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Remembering all innocent victims of the Troubles

Today is the anniversary of the death of the following people killed as a results of the conflict in Northern Ireland

“To live in hearts we leave behind is not to die

– Thomas Campbell

To the innocent on the list – Your memory will live forever

– To the Paramilitaries –

There are many things worth living for, a few things worth dying for, but nothing worth killing for.

 9 People lost their lives on the 28th  April   between 1973– 1995

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28 April 1973
Kerry Venn (23)

nfNI
Status: British Army (BA),

Killed by: Irish Republican Army (IRA)
Shot by sniper while on British Army (BA) foot patrol, Carn Hill, Shantallow, Derry.

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28 April 1975


Liam McMillen    (48)

Catholic
Status: Official Irish Republican Army (OIRA),

Killed by: People’s Liberation Army (PLA)
Shot while walking along Falls Road at the junction with Spinner Street, Belfast. Official Irish Republican Army (OIRA) / Irish Nationalist Liberation Army (INLA) feud.

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28 April 1975
Samuel Grierson   (25)

Protestant
Status: Civilian (Civ),

Killed by: Ulster Defence Association (UDA)
Shot while working on railway line, near Donegall Road, Belfast. Catholic workmate the intended target.

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28 April 1981
Richard McKee   (27)

Protestant
Status: Ulster Defence Regiment (UDR),

Killed by: Irish Republican Army (IRA)
Shot by sniper while travelling in British Army (BA) civilian-type van, Dublin Road, Castlewellan, County Down.

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28 April 1987

William ” Frenchie” Marchant (39)

Protestant
Status: Ulster Volunteer Force (UVF),

Killed by: Irish Republican Army (IRA)
Shot from passing car while standing outside Progressive Unionist Party office, Shankill Road, Belfast.

See William ” Frenchie” Marchant 

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28 April 1992


Philomena Hanna   (26)

Catholic
Status: Civilian (Civ),

Killed by: Ulster Freedom Fighters (UFF)
Shot at her workplace, chemist shop, Springfield Road, Belfast.

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28 April 1994


James Brown   (47)

Catholic
Status: Civilian (Civ),

Killed by: Ulster Volunteer Force (UVF)
Shot, at his shop, Garmoyle Street, Docks, Belfast.

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28 April 1994
Eric Smyth  (40)

Protestant
Status: ex-Ulster Defence Regiment (xUDR),

Killed by: Irish Republican Army (IRA)
Shot, outside his home, Salters Grange Road, near Armagh.

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28 April 1995
Michael Mooney   (34)

Catholic
Status: Civilian (Civ),

Killed by: Irish Republican Army (IRA)
Shot, while in 18 Steps Bar, Ann Street, Belfast.

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19th April – Deaths & Events in Northern Ireland Troubles

Key Events & Deaths on this day in Northern Ireland Troubles

19th April

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Saturday 19 April 1969

There was serious rioting in the Bogside area of Derry following clashes between Northern Ireland Civil Rights Association (NICRA) marchers, and Loyalists and members of the Royal Ulster Constabulary (RUC). A number of RUC officers entered the house of Samuel Devenny, who had not been involved in the disturbances, and severely beat him with batons causing internal injuries and a heart attack.

A number of other people in the house were also beaten by the police including Devenny’s 16 year old and 18 year old daughters.

[Samuel Devenny died on 17 July 1969 as a result of his injuries. The Police Ombudsman for Northern Ireland issued a report on 4 October 2001 about the death of Devenny (PDF File; 44KB).]

See Battle of Bogside –

 

Wednesday 19 April 1972

Edward Heath, then British Prime Minister, confirmed that the plan to conduct an arrest operation, in the event of a riot during the march on 30 January 1972, was known to British government Ministers in advance.

Wednesday 19 April 1978

James Callaghan, then British Prime Minister, announced that legislation would be brought forward to increase the number of Members of Parliament (MPs) who represented Northern Ireland at Westminster from 12 to between 16 and 18.

[A Bill was passed at parliament on 28 November 1978 which increased the representation to 17 seats.]

Thursday 19 April 1979

Agnes Wallace (40), a Prison Officer, was shot dead and three of her colleagues injured when the Irish Republican Army (IRA) carried out a gun and grenade attack outside Armagh women’s prison. A member of the British Army was shot dead by the IRA in Belfast.

Sunday 19 April 1981

       

James Brown & Gary English

James Brown (18) and Gary English (19), both Catholic civilians, were killed when a British Army vehicle drove into a crowd of people on Creggan Road, Derry.

[There had been rioting in the area but local people stated that the vehicle was driven deliberately at the crowd.]

Monday 19 April 1982

Stephen McConomy, an 11 year old Catholic boy, died as a result of the injuries he received when he was hit on the head by a plastic bullet in Fahan Street, Derry.

[His death lead to calls for the weapon to banned. On 13 May 1982 the European Parliament called on member states not to use plastic bullets.]

Monday 19 April 1993

Patrick Mayhew, then Secretary of State for Northern Ireland, held a meeting with John Alderdice, then leader of the Alliance Party of Northern Ireland (APNI), at the start of a new round of bilateral talks with the main political parties.

Monday 19 April 1999

A pipe-bomb was found on the side of Catholic home in Serpentine Park, Belfast. A hoax device was found in Newtownabbey, Belfast. Several families had to be evacuated from their homes. The Red Hand Defenders (RHD) admitted responsibility.

Gerry Kelly, then a senior member of Sinn Féin (SF), said that the latest attack was part of a Loyalist attempt at “ethnic cleansing” in the area.

[In 2001 it became apparent that RHD was a cover name used by both the Ulster Defence Association (UDA) and the Ulster Volunteer Force (UVF).]

Tony Blair, then British Prime Minister, and Bertie Ahern, then Taoiseach (Irish Prime Minister), held an intensive round of negotiations in Downing Street with the Ulster Unionist Party (UUP), Sinn Féin (SF), and the Social Democratic and Labour Party (SDLP).

The talks failed to achieve a breakthrough on decommissioning and the implementation of the Executive.

The British government ruled out any suggestion of ‘parking’ the political negotiations. A campaign for an independent international investigation and a judicial inquiry into the killing of the Rosemary Nelson was opened in Belfast.

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Remembering all innocent victims of the Troubles

Today is the anniversary of the death of the following people killed as a results of the conflict in Northern Ireland

“To live in hearts we leave behind is not to die

– Thomas Campbell

To the innocent on the list – Your memory will live forever

– To the Paramilitaries –

There are many things worth living for, a few things worth dying for, but nothing worth killing for.

 11  People lost their lives on the 19th  April   between 1972– 1989

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19 April 1972
James Elliott, (36)

Protestant
Status: Ulster Defence Regiment (UDR),

Killed by: Irish Republican Army (IRA)
Off duty. Found shot by the side of the road, Altnamackan, near Newtownhamilton, County Armagh

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19 April 1972
Martin Owens  (22)

Catholic
Status: Civilian (Civ),

Killed by: Irish Republican Army (IRA)
Found shot shortly after being thrown from car, Horn Drive, Suffolk, Belfast.

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19 April 1973


Anthony McDowell (12)

Catholic
Status: Civilian (Civ),

Killed by: British Army (BA)
Shot while travelling in car during gun battle between British Army (BA) and Irish Republican Army (IRA), Alliance Avenue, Ardoyne, Belfast.

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19 April 1976
John Cummings  (55)

Protestant
Status: Prison Officer (PO),

Killed by: Irish Republican Army (IRA)
Off duty. Shot at his home, Coolemoyne House, Dunmurry, near Belfast, County Antrim.

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19 April 1977
William Strathearn  (39)

Catholic
Status: Civilian (Civ),

Killed by: Ulster Volunteer Force (UVF)
Shot at his shop, Ahoghill, near Ballymena, County Antrim.

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19 April 1979


Agnes Wallace (40)

Protestant
Status: Prison Officer (PO),

Killed by: Irish National Liberation Army (INLA)
Shot during sniper and grenade attack, outside Armagh Prison, Armagh.

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19 April 1979
Paul Rogers  (37)

nfNI
Status: British Army (BA),

Killed by: Irish Republican Army (IRA)
Shot by sniper while on British Army (BA) mobile patrol, Falls Road, Belfast.

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19 April 1981


 James Brown   (18)

Catholic
Status: Civilian (Civ),

Killed by: British Army (BA)
Knocked down by British Army (BA) landrover, which drove into crowd during street disturbances, Creggan Road, Derry.

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19 April 1981


Gary English   (19)

Catholic
Status: Civilian (Civ),

Killed by: British Army (BA)
Knocked down by British Army (BA) landrover, which drove into crowd during street disturbances, Creggan Road, Derry.

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19 April 1982


Stephen McConomy   (11)

Catholic
Status: Civilian (Civ),

Killed by: British Army (BA)
Died three days after being shot by plastic bullet, Fahan Street, Bogside, Derry.

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19 April 1989
Francis Galbraith   (29)

Protestant
Status: Civilian (Civ),

Killed by: non-specific Loyalist group (LOY)
Shot while walking along Park Avenue, off Holywood Road, Belfast.

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