Key Events & Deaths on this day in Northern Ireland Troubles
Monday 25 July 1983
The Goodyear tyre company announced that it was closing a plant in Craigavon, County Armagh with the loss of 800 jobs.
Wednesday 25 July 1984
James Prior, then Secretary of State for Northern Ireland, said “I don’t think parliament or Westminster or Great Britain is particularly concerned about the [New Ireland] Forum Report”.
Thursday 25 July 1991
The case of the ‘Ulster Defence Regiment (UDR) Four’ was referred to the Court of Appeal by Peter Brooke, then Secretary of State for Northern Ireland.
[The four soldiers had been convicted of the murder of Adrian Carroll on 8 November 1983.]
Friday 25 July 1997
The Royal Ulster Constabulary (RUC) uncovered eight ‘coffee-jar bombs’ near Pomeroy, County Tyrone. Garda Síochána (the Irish police) discovered 20 handguns that were being smuggled into the port of Dublin.
[Security sources claimed that the guns were intended for Official Republicans based in the area of Newry, County Down.]
Bertie Ahern, then Taoiseach (Irish Prime Minister), held a meeting in Dublin with John Hume, then leader of the Social Democratic and Labour Party (SDLP), and Gerry Adams, then President of Sinn Féin (SF).
The three men issued a joint statement in which they said that a settlement is possible “only with the participation and agreement of the Unionist people”.
Joint statement issued by Bertie Ahern, then Taoiseach, John Hume, then leader of the Social Democratic and Labour Party (SDLP), and Gerry Adams, then President of Sinn Féin (SF) on 25 July 1997, following a meeting in Dublin.
“We are all committed to the achievement of lasting peace and reconciliation on this island based on justice and equality.
All-party engagement in inclusive political dialogue at this time is needed for the purpose of achieving agreement between all sections of the Irish people. We reiterate that we are totally and absolutely committed to exclusively democratic and peaceful methods of resolving our political problems. We recognise that ultimately we can resolve this problem only with the participation and agreement of the Unionist people.
All three of us endorse the principles set out in the Report of the New Ireland Forum and those that were agreed in the Forum for Peace and Reconciliation. The challenge is to find the structures that will protect and accommodate the equal rights and identities of both unionists and nationalists, and that can obtain the consent and allegiance of all.
We look forward to the opening of substantive all-party negotiations on 15 September. We have agreed to strengthen opportunities for consultation between the Irish government and parties to the talks.”
The three also reaffirmed their commitment to a peaceful solution to the conflict. Martin McGuinness, then Vice-President of Sinn Féin (SF), went to the Maze Prison to hold a meeting with Irish Republican Army (IRA) prisoners. After the meeting McGuinness said that the prisoners supported the renewal of the IRA ceasefire.
Following direct discussions between representatives of the Orange Order and Nationalist residents in Castlewellan, County Down, agreement was reached on a contentious parade in the village.
Nationalists decided to cancel a planned protest against the parade once agreement was reached on details of the march.
Brendan Smyth, previously a Catholic priest, was sentenced in a Dublin court to 12 years imprisonment for sexually abusing children. Smyth had previously served a sentence in Northern Ireland for similar offences
Remembering all innocent victims of the Troubles
Today is the anniversary of the death of the following people killed as a results of the conflict in Northern Ireland
“To live in hearts we leave behind is not to die
– Thomas Campbell
To the innocent on the list – Your memory will live forever
– To the Paramilitaries –
There are many things worth living for, a few things worth dying for, but nothing worth killing for.
4 People lost their lives on the 25th July between 1972 – 1989
25 July 1972
James Kenna, (19)
Status: Ulster Defence Association (UDA),
Killed by: Official Irish Republican Army (OIRA)
Shot while walking at the junction of Roden Street and Clifford Street, Belfast.
25 July 1976
Patrick McNeice, (54)
Catholic Status: Civilian (Civ),
Killed by: Ulster Volunteer Force (UVF)
Shot at his home, Ardress, near Loughgall, County Armagh.
25 July 1988
UVF kill IRA man Brendan Davidson
Brendan Davison, (33)
Status: Irish Republican Army (IRA),
Killed by: Ulster Volunteer Force (UVF)
Shot at his home, Friendly Way, Markets, Belfast.
25 July 1989
Alexander Bell, (39)
Status: Royal Ulster Constabulary (RUC),
Killed by: Irish Republican Army (IRA)
Died 18 days after being injured in land mine attack on Royal Ulster Constabulary (RUC) armoured patrol car, Red Arch Bay, near Cushendall, County Antrim.
Fields near the farm where the gang was based (Ballylane townland, near Glenanne, County Armagh)
|Area of operations||Mainly County Armagh and east County Tyrone|
|Strength||Over 40 known members|
|Part of||Ulster Volunteer Force|
|Opponents||Irish republicans and Irish nationalists|
The Glenanne gang or Glenanne group was a secret informal alliance of Ulster loyalists, mostly from Northern Ireland, who carried out shooting and bombing attacks against Catholics and nationalists during the Troubles, beginning in the 1970s.
The Cassel Report investigated 76 killings attributed to the group and found evidence that British soldiers and RUC officers were involved in 74 of those. John Weir claimed his superiors knew he was working with loyalist militants but allowed it to continue.
The Cassel Report also said that some senior officers knew of the crimes but did nothing to prevent, investigate or punish . It has been alleged that some key members were double agents working for British military intelligence and RUC Special Branch.
Attacks attributed to the group include the Dublin and Monaghan bombings, the Miami Showband killings, and the Reavey and O’Dowd killings. Many of the victims were killed at their homes or in indiscriminate attacks on Catholic-owned pubs with guns and/or bombs. Some were shot after being stopped at fake British Army checkpoints, and a number of the attacks were co-ordinated.
When it wished to “claim” its attacks, the group usually used the name “Protestant Action Force“. The name “Glenanne gang” has been used since 2003 and is derived from the farm at Glenanne (near Markethill, County Armagh) that was used as the gang’s main ‘base of operations’.
It also made use of a farm near Dungannon.